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Bandgap tailoring of in-situ nitrogen-doped TiO2 sputtered films intended for electrophotocatalytic applications under solar light.

Delegan, Nazar; Daghrir, Rimeh; Drogui, Patrick; El Khakani, My Ali (2014). Bandgap tailoring of in-situ nitrogen-doped TiO2 sputtered films intended for electrophotocatalytic applications under solar light. Journal of Applied Physics , vol. 116 , nº 15. p. 153510. DOI: 10.1063/1.4898589.

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Résumé

We report on a reactive RF-sputtering process permitting the in-situ nitrogen doping of TiO2 films in order to shift their photoactivity from UV to visible range. By carefully controlling the relative nitrogen-to-argon mass flow rate ratio (within the 0%–25% range) in the sputter deposition chamber, TiO2:N films were grown with nitrogen contents ranging from 0 to 6.2 at. %, as determined by high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy measurements. A systematic investigation of the crystalline structure of the TiO2:N films, as a function of their N content, revealed that low N contents (0.2–0.3 at. %) induce crystallization in the rutile phase while higher N contents (≥1.4 at. %) were accompanied with the recovery of the anatase structure with an average crystallite size of ∼35 nm. By using both UV-Vis absorption and spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements, we were able to quantitatively determine the bandgap (Eg ) variation of the TiO2:N films as a function of their N content. Thus, we have demonstrated that the Eg of the TiO2:N films effectively narrows from 3.2 eV down to a value as low as ∼2.3 eV for the optimal N doping concentration of 3.4 at. % (higher N incorporation does not translate into further red shifting of the TiO2:N films' Eg ). The photoactivity of the TiO2:N films under visible light was confirmed through electro-photocatalytic decomposition of chlortetracycline (CTC, an emerging water pollutant) under standard 1.5AM solar radiation. Thus, CTC degradation efficiencies of up to 98% were achieved with 2 hours process cycles under simulated solar light. Moreover, the electro-photocatalytic performance of the TiO2:N films is shown to be directly correlated to their optoelectronic properties (namely their bandgap narrowing).

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: bandgap tailoring; nitrogen-doped tio; solar light; sputtered films
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 26 avr. 2017 13:34
Dernière modification: 26 avr. 2017 13:34
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3568

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