Dépôt numérique

Nitroglycerin degradation mediated by soil organic carbon under aerobic conditions.

Bordeleau, Geneviève; Martel, Richard; Bamba, Abraham N’Valoua; Blais, Jean-François; Ampleman, Guy; Thiboutot, Sonia (2014). Nitroglycerin degradation mediated by soil organic carbon under aerobic conditions. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology , vol. 166 , nº 1. p. 52-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2014.06.012.

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The presence of nitroglycerin (NG) has been reported in shallow soils and pore water of several military training ranges. In this context, NG concentrations can be reduced through various natural attenuation processes, but these have not been thoroughly documented. This study aimed at investigating the role of soil organic matter (SOM) in the natural attenuation of NG, under aerobic conditions typical of shallow soils. The role of SOM in NG degradation has already been documented under anoxic conditions, and was attributed to SOM-mediated electron transfer involving different reducing agents. However, unsaturated soils are usually well-oxygenated, and it was not clear whether SOM could participate in NG degradation under these conditions. Our results from batch- and column-type experiments clearly demonstrate that in presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM) leached from a natural soil, partial NG degradation can be achieved. In presence of particulate organic matter (POM) from the same soil, complete NG degradation was achieved. Furthermore, POM caused rapid sorption of NG, which should result in NG retention in the organic matter-rich shallow horizons of the soil profile, thus promoting degradation. Based on degradation products, the reaction pathway appears to be reductive, in spite of the aerobic conditions. The relatively rapid reaction rates suggest that this process could significantly participate in the natural attenuation of NG, both on military training ranges and in contaminated soil at production facilities.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: nitroglycerin; propellant; military training range; natural attenuation; soil organic matter
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 13 déc. 2016 20:55
Dernière modification: 13 déc. 2016 20:55
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3545

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