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Dependence evolution of hydrological characteristics, applied to floods in a climate change context in Quebec.

Ben Aissia, Mohamed Aymen; Chebana, Fateh; Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Roy, Luc; Bruneau, Pierre; Barbet, Marc (2014). Dependence evolution of hydrological characteristics, applied to floods in a climate change context in Quebec. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 519, P . p. 148-163. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.06.042.

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Résumé

Summary Generally, hydrological event such as floods, storms and droughts can be described as a multivariate event with mutually dependent characteristics. In the literature, two types of studies are performed focusing either on the evolution of one variable or more but separately, or on the joint distribution of two or more variables on a fixed window period. The main aspect in multivariate analysis is the dependence between the studied variables. It is important to study the evolution of this dependence over a long period especially in studies dealing with climate change (CC). The aim of the present study is to evaluate and analyze the dependence evolution between hydrological variables with an emphasis on the following flood characteristics, peak (Q), volume (V) and duration (D). This analysis includes confidence interval determination, stationarity analysis and change-point detection over a moving window series of three dependence measures. Two watersheds are considered along with observed and simulated flow data, obtained from two hydrological models. Results show that the dependence between the main flood characteristics over time is not constant and not monotonic. The corresponding behavior is sensitive to the choice of hydrological model, to climate scenarios and to the global climate model being used. The dependence of (Q, V) decreases when that of (V, D) increases. Moreover, the two considered hydrological models generally overestimate the dependence of (Q, V) and underestimate the dependence of (V, D) and (Q, D). All simulated dependence series are stationary over the whole period and present several break-points corresponding to short trends. This study allows also to check the ability of hydrological models, and if necessary, to recalibrate them to correctly simulate the dependence historically and in the future.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: dependence measures; dependence evolution; flood characteristics; climate change; stationarity; break-point detection
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 13 déc. 2016 20:52
Dernière modification: 13 déc. 2016 20:52
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3540

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