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Bio-hydrogen production by biodiesel-derived crude glycerol bioconversion: a techno-economic evaluation.

Sarma, Saurabh Jyoti; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Le Bihan, Yann Vai; Buelna, Gerardo (2013). Bio-hydrogen production by biodiesel-derived crude glycerol bioconversion: a techno-economic evaluation. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering , vol. 36 , nº 1. p. 1-10. DOI: 10.1007/s00449-012-0755-8.

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Résumé

Global biodiesel production is continuously increasing and it is proportionally accompanied by a huge amount of crude glycerol (CG) as by-product. Due to its crude nature, CG has very less commercial interest; although its pure counterpart has different industrial applications. Alternatively, CG is a very good carbon source and can be used as a feedstock for fermentative hydrogen production. Further, a move of this kind has dual benefits, namely it offers a sustainable method for disposal of biodiesel manufacturing waste as well as produces biofuels and contributes in greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction. Two-stage fermentation, comprising dark and photo-fermentation is one of the most promising options available for bio-hydrogen production. In the present study, techno-economic feasibility of such a two-stage process has been evaluated. The analysis has been made based on the recent advances in fermentative hydrogen production using CG as a feedstock. The study has been carried out with special reference to North American biodiesel market; and more specifically, data available for Canadian province, Qu,bec City have been used. Based on our techno-economic analysis, higher production cost was found to be the major bottleneck in commercial production of fermentative hydrogen. However, certain achievable alternative options for reduction of process cost have been identified. Further, the process was found to be capable in reducing GHG emissions. Bioconversion of 1 kg of crude glycerol (70 % w/v) was found to reduce 7.66 kg CO2 eq (equivalent) GHG emission, and the process also offers additional environmental benefits.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: biodiesel; bio-hydrogen; crude glycerol; greenhouse gas; techno-economic evaluation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 déc. 2016 21:45
Dernière modification: 15 déc. 2016 16:08
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3505

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