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Uptake and subcellular partitioning of trivalent metals in a green alga: Comparison between Al and Sc.

Crémazy, Anne; Levy, Jacqueline L.; Campbell, Peter G. C.; Fortin, Claude (2013). Uptake and subcellular partitioning of trivalent metals in a green alga: Comparison between Al and Sc. BioMetals , vol. 26 , nº 6. p. 989-1001. DOI: 10.1007/s10534-013-9675-6.

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Résumé

Despite 40+ years of research on aluminum (Al) toxicity in aquatic organisms, Al transport mechanisms through biological membranes, and the intracellular fate of Al once assimilated, remain poorly understood. The trivalent metal scandium shares chemical similarities with Al and, unlike Al, it has a convenient radioactive tracer (Sc-46) allowing for relatively simple measurements at environmentally relevant concentrations. Thus, we investigated the potential of Sc to substitute for Al in uptake and intracellular fate studies with the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Short-term (<60 min) competitive uptake experiments indicated that Al does not inhibit Sc influx, implying that these metals do not share a common transport mechanism. Also, internalized Al concentrations were ~4 times higher than Sc concentrations after long-term (72 h) exposures under similar conditions (4.5 μM AlT or ScT, 380 μM FT, pH 7.0, 3.8 pM Al calc 3+ and 1.0 pM Sc calc 3+). However, interesting similarities were observed in their relative subcellular distributions, suggesting possible common toxicity/tolerance mechanisms. Both metals mostly distributed to the organelles fraction and almost no association was found with the cytosolic proteins. The greatest difference was observed in the cellular debris fraction (membranes and nucleus) where Al was much more concentrated than Sc. However, it is not clear whether or not this fraction contained extracellular metal associated with the algal surface. To summarize, Sc does not seem to be an adequate substitute of Al for transport/uptake studies, but could be for investigations of toxicity/tolerance mechanisms in C. reinhardtii. Further work is needed to verify this latter suggestion.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: detoxification; metal uptake; scandium; subcellular distribution; unicellular alga
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 05 déc. 2016 20:37
Dernière modification: 22 déc. 2016 16:38
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3407

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