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Counter-Current Metal Leaching and Precipitation for Soil Remediation.

Bisone, Sara; Blais, Jean-François; Mercier, Guy (2013). Counter-Current Metal Leaching and Precipitation for Soil Remediation. Soil & Sediment Contamination , vol. 22 , nº 8. p. 856-875. DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2013.770445.

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Résumé

Chemical acid leaching is an effective technique for extracting toxic metals from the finest fractions of polluted soils. Nevertheless, the use of large quantities of reagents and process water results in prohibitive operating costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical and economic advantages of recirculating water in a counter-current leaching process (CCLP). Five 1-h sulfuric acid extraction steps (at pH = 1.5) followed by three 5-min water-washing steps were applied to the fine particle fraction (<0.125mm) of an industrial soil polluted by Cd (13.2mg center dot kg(-1)), Cu (3 100mg center dot kg(-1)), Mn (685mg kg(-1)), Pb (550mg center dot kg(-1)), and Zn (2840mg center dot kg(-1)). The leaching experiments were carried out at ambient temperature using a 10% soil suspension and in 1-L working volume stirred tank reactors. This paper presents results of conventional and counter-current leaching process (CCLP) tests and shows that the CCLP yields removal results for Cu (85%), Zn (86%), Mn (75%), and Cd (90%) that are similar to those obtained using the conventional leaching process. Moreover, the CCLP uses half of the quantity of acid and one-eighth of the amount of water that the conventional process uses. Metal precipitation with NaOH and Ca(OH)(2) was applied to treat the acidic leachates, and good metal removal yields were achieved with both reagents. However, the large consumption of chemicals implies high operating costs. In addition, the precipitation causes considerable sludge production, particularly when using Ca(OH)(2). Overall, the CCLP coupled to metal precipitation using NaOH and water recycling appears to be the most attractive option for the removal of toxic metals from this industrial soil.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: chemical leaching; contaminated soil; counter-current leaching; metal removal; precipitation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 29 nov. 2016 21:19
Dernière modification: 29 nov. 2016 21:19
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3389

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