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Photoreleasable ligands to study intracrine angiotensin II signalling

Tadevosyan, Artavazd; Létourneau, Myriam; Folch, Benjamin; Doucet, Nicolas; Villeneuve, Louis R; Mamarbachi, Aida M; Pétrin, Darlaine; Hébert, Terence E; Fournier, Alain; Chatenet, David; Allen, Bruce G; Nattel, Stanley (2015). Photoreleasable ligands to study intracrine angiotensin II signalling Journal of Physiology , vol. 593 , nº 3. p. 521-539. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2014.279109.

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The renin-angiotensin system plays a key role in cardiovascular physiology and its overactivation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several major cardiovascular diseases. There is growing evidence that angiotensin II (Ang-II) may function as an intracellular peptide to activate intracellular/nuclear receptors and their downstream signalling effectors independently of cell surface receptors. Current methods used to study intracrine Ang-II signalling are limited to indirect approaches because of a lack of selective intracellularly-acting probes. Here, we present novel photoreleasable Ang-II analogues used to probe intracellular actions with spatial and temporal precision. The photorelease of intracellular Ang-II causes nuclear and cytosolic calcium mobilization and initiates the de novo synthesis of RNA in cardiac cells, demonstrating the application of the method. ABSTRACT: Several lines of evidence suggest that intracellular angiotensin II (Ang-II) contributes to the regulation of cardiac contractility, renal salt reabsorption, vascular tone and metabolism; however, work on intracrine Ang-II signalling has been limited to indirect approaches because of a lack of selective intracellularly-acting probes. Here, we aimed to synthesize and characterize cell-permeant Ang-II analogues that are inactive without uncaging, but release active Ang-II upon exposure to a flash of UV-light, and act as novel tools for use in the study of intracrine Ang-II physiology. We prepared three novel caged Ang-II analogues, [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II, Ang-II-ODMNB and [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II-ODMNB, based upon the incorporation of the photolabile moiety 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyl (DMNB). Compared to Ang-II, the caged Ang-II analogues showed 2-3 orders of magnitude reduced affinity toward both angiotensin type-1 (AT1R) and type-2 (AT2R) receptors in competition binding assays, and greatly-reduced potency in contraction assays of rat thoracic aorta. After receiving UV-irradiation, all three caged Ang-II analogues released Ang-II and potently induced the contraction of rat thoracic aorta. [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II showed the most rapid photolysis upon UV-irradiation and was the focus of subsequent characterization. Whereas Ang-II and photolysed [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation (via AT1R) and cGMP production (AT2R), caged [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II did not. Cellular uptake of [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II was 4-fold greater than that of Ang-II and significantly greater than uptake driven by the positive-control HIV TAT(48-60) peptide. Intracellular photolysis of [Tyr(DMNB)(4)]Ang-II induced an increase in nucleoplasmic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]n), and initiated 18S rRNA and nuclear factor kappa B mRNA synthesis in adult cardiac cells. We conclude that caged Ang-II analogues represent powerful new tools for use in the selective study of intracrine signalling via Ang-II.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 05 oct. 2017 20:27
Dernière modification: 05 oct. 2017 20:27
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3260

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