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Optimization of microfluidization for the homogeneous distribution of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) in biopolymeric matrix

Khan, Avik; Vu, Khanh Dang; Chauve, Gregory; Bouchard, Jean; Riedl, Bernard; Lacroix, Monique (2014). Optimization of microfluidization for the homogeneous distribution of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) in biopolymeric matrix Cellulose , vol. 21 , nº 5. p. 3457-3468. DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0361-9.

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Résumé

Microfluidization, which is a high-pressure homogenization technique, was used to develop highly dispersed cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) reinforced chitosan based nanocomposite films. A three factor central composite design with five levels was designed to systematically optimize the microfluidization process. The three factors were the CNC content, the microfluidization pressure and the number of microfluidization cycles. Response surface methodology was used to obtain relationship between the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite films and the factors. Polynomial equations were generated based on the regression analysis of the factors and the predicted properties of the nanocomposite films were in good agreement with the experimental results. Microfluidization effectively reduced the CNC-chitosan aggregates and improved the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite films. Microscopic analysis of the microfluidized nanocomposite films revealed a 10-15 times reduction in the size of the aggregates compared to the non-microfluidized CNC/chitosan films and an increase in the root mean square surface roughness (Rq).

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: Bionanocomposite; Cellulose nanocrystal; Chitosan; Experimental design; High-pressure-homogenization; Mechanical property; Nanomaterial dispersion; Polyelectrolyte complex
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 01 juin 2017 20:45
Dernière modification: 01 juin 2017 20:45
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3068

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