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Brazilian Dental Students' Intentions and Motivations Towards Their Professional Career

dos Santos, Beatriz Ferraz; Nicolau, Belinda; Muller, Katia; Bedos, Christophe; Zuanon, Angela Cristina Cilense. (2013). Brazilian Dental Students' Intentions and Motivations Towards Their Professional Career Journal of Dental Education , vol. 77 , nº 3. p. 337-344.

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Résumé

Investigating career motivations and intentions of dental students provides a better understanding of their role in society and contributes to the debate on dental education and practices. This study describes the profile, career choice motivations, and career intentions of Brazilian dental students and evaluates factors related to these choices. A cross-sectional study was carried out among dental students from three Brazilian public universities (N=915), with a response rate of 83.7 percent. Students (N=766) responded to a self-administered questionnaire about sociodemographic factors, reasons for choosing dentistry as a career, and future career intentions. Job conception was found to be the main reason for choosing dentistry as a profession. Most students intended to become specialists and work in both the public and private sectors simultaneously. Female students (OR 2.23, 95 percent CI=1.62-3.08), low-income students (OR 1.86, 95 percent CI=1.10-3.13), and students beginning their program (OR 1.87, 95 percent CI=1.22-2.85) were more likely to work in the public and private sectors simultaneously than other types of students. This study suggests that choice of career and career plans are influenced by factors related to the students' characteristics and their conception of the profession. The opportunity to combine private and public dental practice may be viewed as a way to achieve income and job security. Ms. Ferraz dos Santos is in the Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP-Paulista State University, Araraquara, Brazil; Dr. Nicolau is Associate Professor, INRS, Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, Quebec, Canada; Dr. Muller is Research Associate, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Dr. Bedos is Associate Professor, Faculty of Dentistry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; and Dr. Zuanon is Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP-Paulista State University, Araraquara, Brazil. Direct correspondence and requests for reprints to Ms. Beatriz Ferraz dos Santos, Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, Araraquara School of Dentistry, UNESP-Paulista State University, Rua Humaita, 1680, Araraquara 14801-903, Brazil; beaferraz@yahoo.com.

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: dental students; oral health care access; career choice; professional; practice; oral health care workforce; Brazil; oral-health school applicants choice attitudes dentistry balance access life
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 21 juin 2017 14:46
Dernière modification: 21 juin 2017 14:46
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/2890

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