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Childbearing within Marriage and Consensual Union in Latin America, 1980–2010

Laplante, Benoît; Castro-Martín, Teresa; Cortina, Clara; Martín-García, Teresa (2015). Childbearing within Marriage and Consensual Union in Latin America, 1980–2010 Population and development review , vol. 41 , nº 1. p. 85-108. DOI: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2015.00027.x.

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Résumé

This article compares the fertility patterns of women in consensual union and marriage in 13 Latin American countries, using census microdata from the four most recent census rounds and a methodological approach that combines the own-children method and Poisson regression. Results show that in all these countries, fertility is slightly higher within consensual union than marriage and that the age pattern of fertility is very similar in marital and non-marital unions. Further analyses show that over the period considered, childbearing within a consensual union has changed from rare to increasingly common, although not yet mainstream, for highly educated women in most countries examined. Results show that in Latin America, at least since the 1980s, women's childbearing patterns depend on their age and on their being in a conjugal relationship, but not on the legal nature of this relationship. The similarities in reproductive behavior between marital and non-marital unions are not confined to the socially disadvantaged groups, but apply as well to the better off.

Type de document:
Informations complémentaires: This is an early draft of an article that has subsequently been published in Population and Development Review. Complete citation information for the final version of the paper, as published in the print edition of Population and Development Review, is available on Wiley Interscience’s online journal service, accessible via the journal’s website.
Mots-clés libres: Nuptiality; family formation; marriage; cohabitation; consensual union; non-marital fertility; census microdata; IPUMS; Own Children Method; Poisson regression; Latin America
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 26 mars 2015 20:18
Dernière modification: 02 déc. 2015 16:02
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/2637

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