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Two-liquid-phase bioreactors for enhanced degradation of hydrophobic/toxic compounds

Déziel, Éric; Comeau, Yves; Villemur, Richard (1998). Two-liquid-phase bioreactors for enhanced degradation of hydrophobic/toxic compounds Biodegradation , vol. 10 , nº 3. p. 219-233. DOI: 10.1023/a:1008311430525.

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Résumé

Two-liquid-phase culture systems involve the addition of a water- immiscible, biocompatible and non-biodegradable solvent to enhance a biocatalytic process. Two-liquid-phase bioreactors have been used since the mid-seventies for the microbial and enzymatic bioconversion of hydrophobic/toxic substrates into products of commercial interest. The increasing popularity of bioremediation technologies suggests a new area of application for this type of bioreactor. The toxicity and the limited bioavailability of many pollutants are important obstacles that must first be overcome in order to improve biodegradation processes. Two-liquid-phase bioreactors have the potential to resolve both limitations of biotreatment technologies by the enhancement of the mass-transfer rate of compounds with low bioavailability, and by the controlled delivery of apolar toxic compounds. This technology can also be useful in accelerating the enrichment of microorganisms degrading problematic pollutants. In this paper, we discuss the application of two-liquid-phase bioreactors to enhance the biodegradation of toxic/poorly bioavailable contaminants. Important microbial mechanisms involved in this type of system are described. Uptake of the substrates can be achieved by microorganisms freely dispersed in the aqueous phase and/or bound at the interface between the aqueous and the immiscible phases. Production of surface-active compounds and adhesion abilities are microbial features involved in the process. General guidelines for the design of two- liquid-phase bioreactors for biodegradation purposes are presented. Solvent selection should be established on specific criteria, which depend on the characteristics of target compound(s) and the microorganism(s) implicated in the biodegradation process. The central importance of maximizing the interfacial surface area is highlighted. The potential of this approach as an alternative to current biotreatment technologies is also discussed

Type de document:
Mots-clés libres: bioavailability, biodegradation, bioreactor, biotreatment, NAPL, toxicity
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 05 mai 2014 16:01
Dernière modification: 05 mai 2014 16:01
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/2259

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