Dépôt numérique

Accelerating Sequential Gaussian Simulation with a constant path.

Nussbaumer, Raphaël, Mariethoz, Grégoire, Gravey, Mathieu, Gloaguen, Erwan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9400-0276 et Holliger, Klaus (2018). Accelerating Sequential Gaussian Simulation with a constant path. Computers & Geosciences , vol. 112 . p. 121-132. DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2017.12.006.

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Sequential Gaussian Simulation (SGS) is a stochastic simulation technique commonly employed for generating realizations of Gaussian random fields. Arguably, the main limitation of this technique is the high computational cost associated with determining the kriging weights. This problem is compounded by the fact that often many realizations are required to allow for an adequate uncertainty assessment. A seemingly simple way to address this problem is to keep the same simulation path for all realizations. This results in identical neighbourhood configurations and hence the kriging weights only need to be determined once and can then be re-used in all subsequent realizations. This approach is generally not recommended because it is expected to result in correlation between the realizations. Here, we challenge this common preconception and make the case for the use of a constant path approach in SGS by systematically evaluating the associated benefits and limitations. We present a detailed implementation, particularly regarding parallelization and memory requirements. Extensive numerical tests demonstrate that using a constant path allows for substantial computational gains with very limited loss of simulation accuracy. This is especially the case for a constant multi-grid path. The computational savings can be used to increase the neighbourhood size, thus allowing for a better reproduction of the spatial statistics. The outcome of this study is a recommendation for an optimal implementation of SGS that maximizes accurate reproduction of the covariance structure as well as computational efficiency.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: simulation path; sequential simulation; sequential Gaussian simulation; constant path; multi-grid approach; parallelization
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 04 déc. 2019 14:50
Dernière modification: 15 févr. 2022 17:48
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9643

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