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Male and Female Work Histories and Family Disruption in Canada


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Neill, Ghyslaine et Le Bourdais, Céline (1999). Male and Female Work Histories and Family Disruption in Canada Working Paper. Institut national de la recherche scientifique, Montréal.

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In Canada, as in most industrialized societies, union and fertility behavior has changed considerably over the last 20 years. Legal marriage has lost ground to cohabitation and marriage is no longer a necessary condition to start family life. Between 1990 and 1994, for example, 57% of the Canadians who entered their first union chose cohabitation compared to 15% of those who did so in the early 1970s, and this proportion has reached 80% in Québec (Dumas and Bélanger, 1997). The percentage of births occurring outside of marriage has risen from 13% in 1980 to 30% in 1994 (Dumas and Bélanger, 1997), and over 50% of first births are now occurring to cohabiting parents in Québec (Duchesne, 1996), The restructuring of the economy has also affected Canadian families. As compared to the 1960s, most families can no longer support themselves on one income. Research has shown that 65% of all two parents' families were dual earner families in 1991 as compared to 20% in 1961 (Duxbury, Higgins and Lee, 1994). Furthermore, the recent increase in jobs has mainly occurred in the service sector that is linked to lowpaid jobs, flexible employment and lack of union protection (Baker and Lero, 1996). As fewer people can expect to work with the same employer through their working lives, a rising percentage of couples are bound to experience periods of unemployment and underemployment. What do those new patterns of family formation and labor force participation mean for the stability of family? In order to answer this question, we will examine separately for men and women the factors affecting the risk of family disruption from the moment a first child is born to the couple. Drawing on the retrospective data on family collected by the 1995 General Social Survey, we will analyze, more specifically, the effect that labor market related characteristics exert on the likelihood of family disruption, when controlling for the circumstances surrounding the formation of the family.

Type de document: Monographie (Working Paper)
Informations complémentaires: Paper presented in the session of Research Committee 41, “Selected Topics in Demography: III” At the XIVth World Congress of Sociology Montreal, July 26 - August 1, 1998
Mots-clés libres: mariage; cohabitation; couple; séparation; divorce; famille; naissance; adoption
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 12 nov. 2020 21:25
Dernière modification: 12 nov. 2020 21:25
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/9425

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