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Simultaneous single-cell protein production and COD removal with characterization of residual protein and intermediate metabolites during whey fermentation by K. marxianus.

Yadav, Jay Shankar Singh, Bezawada, Jyothi, El Harche, Sanae, Yan, Song, Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal et Surampalli, Rao Y. (2014). Simultaneous single-cell protein production and COD removal with characterization of residual protein and intermediate metabolites during whey fermentation by K. marxianus. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering , vol. 37 , nº 6. p. 1017-1029. DOI: 10.1007/s00449-013-1072-6.

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Résumé

Cheese whey fermentation with Kluyveromyces marxianus was carried out at 40 °C and pH 3.5 to examine simultaneous single-cell protein production and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal, determine the fate of soluble whey protein and characterize intermediate metabolites. After 36 h of batch fermentation, the biomass concentration increased from 2.0 to 6.0 g/L with 55 % COD reduction (including protein), whereas soluble whey protein concentration decreased from 5.6 to 4.1 g/L. It was confirmed through electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) that the fermented whey protein was different from native whey protein. HPLC and GC-MS analysis revealed a change in composition of organic compounds post-fermentation. High inoculum concentration in batch fermentation resulted in an increase in biomass concentration from 10.3 to 15.9 g/L with 80 % COD reduction (including protein) within 36 h with residual protein concentration of 4.5 g/L. In third batch fermentation, the biomass concentration increased from 7.3 to 12.4 g/L with 71 % of COD removal and residual protein concentration of 4.3 g/L after 22 h. After 22 h, the batch process was shifted to a continuous process with cell recycle, and the steady state was achieved after another 60 h with biomass yield of 0.19 g biomass/g lactose and productivity of 0.26 g/L h. COD removal efficiency was 78-79 % with residual protein concentration of 3.8-4.2 g/L. The aerobic continuous fermentation process with cell recycle could be applied to single-cell protein production with substantial COD removal at low pH and high temperature from cheese whey.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: cell recycle; cheese whey; COD; intermediate metabolites; single-cell protein; whey protein
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 18:29
Dernière modification: 11 avr. 2018 18:29
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3694

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