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Evolution of the rainfall regime in the United Arab Emirates.


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Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Charron, Christian; Niranjan Kumar, Kondapalli; Marpu, Prashanth R.; Ghedira, Hosni; Molini, Annalisa et Khayal, Inas (2014). Evolution of the rainfall regime in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Hydrology , vol. 514 . pp. 258-270. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.04.032.

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Arid and semiarid climates occupy more than 1/4 of the land surface of our planet, and are characterized by a strongly intermittent hydrologic regime, posing a major threat to the development of these regions. Despite this fact, a limited number of studies have focused on the climatic dynamics of precipitation in desert environments, assuming the rainfall input – and their temporal trends – as marginal compared with the evaporative component. Rainfall series at four meteorological stations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were analyzed for assessment of trends and detection of change points. The considered variables were total annual, seasonal and monthly rainfall; annual, seasonal and monthly maximum rainfall; and the number of rainy days per year, season and month. For the assessment of the significance of trends, the modified Mann–Kendall test and Theil-Sen’s test were applied. Results show that most annual series present decreasing trends, although not statistically significant at the 5% level. The analysis of monthly time series reveals strong decreasing trends mainly occurring in February and March. Many trends for these months are statistically significant at the 10% level and some trends are significant at the 5% level. These two months account for most of the total annual rainfall in the UAE. To investigate the presence of sudden changes in rainfall time-series, the cumulative sum method and a Bayesian multiple change point detection procedure were applied to annual rainfall series. Results indicate that a change point happened around 1999 at all stations. Analyses were performed to evaluate the evolution of characteristics before and after 1999. Student’s t-test and Levene’s test were applied to determine if a change in the mean and/or in the variance occurred at the change point. Results show that a decreasing shift in the mean has occurred in the total annual rainfall and the number of rainy days at all four stations, and that the variance has decreased for the total annual rainfall at two stations. Frequency analysis was also performed on data before and after the change point. Results show that rainfall quantile values are significantly lower after 1999. The change point around the year 1999 is linked to various global climate indices. It is observed that the change of phase of the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) has strong impact over the UAE precipitation. A brief discussion is presented on dynamical basis, the teleconnections connecting the SOI and the change in precipitation regime in the UAE around the year 1999.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: rainfall; arid-climate; change-point; extreme; seasonality; teleconnection; Southern Oscillation Index
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 11 avr. 2018 14:18
Dernière modification: 09 oct. 2018 15:32
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/3649

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