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Road traffic noise in Montreal and environmental equity: What is the situation for the most vulnerable population groups?


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Carrier, Mathieu, Apparicio, Philippe ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6466-9342 et Séguin, Anne-Marie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6195-7813 (2016). Road traffic noise in Montreal and environmental equity: What is the situation for the most vulnerable population groups? Journal of Transport Geography , vol. 51 . p. 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2015.10.020.

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Road traffic noise is one of the most detrimental environmental nuisances for the population. Prolonged exposure to high road noise levels can lead to various problems in people's health and well-being. The objective of this article is to determine whether the groups most vulnerable to road noise, that is, children under 15 years old, people 65 years old and over, and the groups most likely to experience high nuisance levels, visible minorities and low-income individuals, are affected by an environmental inequity related to this nuisance. The method of estimating this nuisance employed in the study is based on a combination of several elements: that is, average traffic flows, road geometries, normal atmospheric conditions, and the characteristics of the urban environment. All of these parameters were considered for the 14 boroughs that make up the central portion of the Island of Montreal. Modelling was used to calculate the maximum daily road noise, based in part on the LimA software predictive model and according to the XPS 31-133 computation method. The results obtained from three different statistical tests and spatial regression analyses show that, on the one hand, the groups chosen on the basis of age are not affected by any environmental inequity related to the phenomenon of road traffic noise. On the other hand, low-income individuals and visible minorities live in city blocks marked by road traffic noise levels that are slightly higher than those experienced by the rest of the population.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Road traffic noise; Environmental equity; Montreal; GIS; Transportation; Low-income individuals
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 14 déc. 2015 19:29
Dernière modification: 28 janv. 2022 19:07
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/2839

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