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Exosomes as Conduits: Facilitating Hepatitis B Virus-Independent Hepatitis D Virus Transmission and Propagation in Hepatocytes


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Khabir, Marwa; Blanchet, Matthieu; Angelo, Léna; Loucif, Hamza; van Grevenynghe, Julien ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2952-4081; Bukong, Terence Ndonyi ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3898-0617 et Labonté, Patrick ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7262-3125 (2024). Exosomes as Conduits: Facilitating Hepatitis B Virus-Independent Hepatitis D Virus Transmission and Propagation in Hepatocytes Viruses , vol. 16 , nº 6. pp. 1-17. DOI: 10.3390/v16060825.

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A number of research studies, including ours, have spotlighted exosomes as critical facilitators of viral dissemination. While hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission through exosomes has been studied, the focus on its satellite virus, the hepatitis delta virus (HDV), has been unexplored in this context. HDV, although being a defective virus, can replicate its genome autonomously within hepatocytes, independently of HBV. Investigations on Huh7 cells revealed an intriguing phenomenon: the HDV proteins, S-HDAg and L-HDAg, are transmitted between cells without a complete viral structure. Detailed analysis further revealed that the expression of these proteins not only bolstered exosome secretion but also ensured their enrichment within these vesicles. Our experimental approach utilized transfection of various plasmids to examine the role of HDV RNA and proteins in the process. One salient finding was the differential propagation of the HDV proteins S-HDAg and L-HDAg, suggesting intricate molecular mechanisms behind their transmission. Notably, the purity of our exosome preparations was monitored using markers such as TSG101 and CD81. Importantly, these exosomes were found to carry both HDV RNA and proteins, highlighting their role in HDV dissemination. This novel study underscores the role of exosomes in mediating the transmission of HDV components between hepatocytes independent of HBV. These revelations about the exosomal pathway of HDV transmission provide a foundation for the development of innovative therapeutic strategies against HDV infections.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: HBV-independent transmission; exosomes; hepatitis delta virus (HDV)
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 02 juill. 2024 14:16
Dernière modification: 02 juill. 2024 14:16
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15793

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