Dépôt numérique

Study on the citrus greening disease: Current challenges and novel therapies

Limayem, Alya; Martin, Elizabeth M et Shankar, Shiv (2024). Study on the citrus greening disease: Current challenges and novel therapies Microbial Pathogenesis , vol. Ahead . p. 106688. DOI: 10.1016/j.micpath.2024.106688. (Sous Presse)

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The unprecedented worldwide spread of the Citrus greening disorder, called Huanglongbing (HLB), has urged researchers for rapid interventions. HLB poses a considerable threat to global citriculture owing to its devastating impact on citrus species. This disease is caused by Candidatus Liberibacter species (CLs), primarily transferred through psyllid insects, such as Trioza erytreae and Diaphorina citri. It results in phloem malfunction, root decline, and altered plant source-sink relationships, leading to a deficient plant with minimal yield before it dies. Thus, many various techniques have been employed to eliminate HLB and control vector populations through the application of insecticides and antimicrobials. The latter have evidenced short-term efficiency. While nucleic acid-based analyses and symptom-based identification of the disease have been used for detection, they suffer from limitations such as false negatives, complex sample preparation, and high costs. To address these challenges, secreted protein-based biomarkers offer a promising solution for accurate, rapid, and cost-effective disease detection. This paper presents an overview of HLB symptoms in citrus plants, including leaf and fruit symptoms, as well as whole tree symptoms. The differentiation between HLB symptoms and those of nutrient deficiencies is discussed, emphasizing the importance of precise identification for effective disease management. The elusive nature of CLs and the challenges in culturing them in axenic cultures have hindered the understanding of their pathogenic mechanisms. However, genome sequencing has provided insights into CLs strains' metabolic traits and potential virulence factors. Efforts to identify potential host target genes for resistance are discussed, and a high-throughput antimicrobial testing method using Citrus hairy roots is introduced as a promising tool for rapid assessment of potential treatments. This review summarizes current challenges and novel therapies for HLB disease. It highlights the urgency of developing accurate and efficient detection methods and identifying the complex relations between CLs and their host plants. Transgenic citrus in conjunction with secreted protein-based biomarkers and innovative testing methodologies could revolutionize HLB management strategies toward achieving a sustainable citrus cultivation. It offers more reliable and practical solutions to combat this devastating disease and safeguard the global citriculture industry.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: C. liberibacter; Citrus greening disease; Disease management; HLB; Pathogenic mechanisms.
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 21 mai 2024 06:08
Dernière modification: 21 mai 2024 06:08
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15670

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