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Hormonal regulation of miRNA during mammary gland development


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Confuorti, Cameron; Jaramillo, Maritza ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1910-5684 et Plante, Isabelle ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2080-6450 (2024). Hormonal regulation of miRNA during mammary gland development Biology Open , vol. Ahead of P . DOI: 10.1242/bio.060308. (Sous Presse)

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The mammary gland is a unique organ as most of its development occurs after birth through stages of proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis that are tightly regulated by circulating hormones and growth factors. Throughout development, hormonal cues induce the regulation of different pathways, ultimately leading to differential transcription and expression of genes involved in this process, but also in the activation or inhibition of post-transcriptional mechanisms of regulation. However, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the different phases of mammary gland remodeling is still poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to analyze the expression of miRNA in key stages of mammary gland development in mice and to determine if it could be associated with hormonal variation between stages. To do so, miRNAs were isolated from mouse mammary glands at stages of adulthood, pregnancy, lactation and involution, and sequenced. Results showed that 490, 473, 419, and 460 miRNAs are detected in adult, pregnant, lactating and involuting mice, respectively, most of them being common to all four groups, and 58 unique to one stage. Most genes could be divided into 6 clusters of expression, including 2 encompassing the highest number of miRNA (cluster 1 and 3) and showing opposite profiles of expression, reaching a peak at adulthood and valley at lactation, or showing the lowest expression at adulthood and peaking at lactation. GO and KEGG analyses suggest that the miRNAs differentially expressed between stages influence the expression of targets associated with mammary gland homeostasis and hormone regulation. To further understand the links between miRNA expression and hormones involved in mammary gland development, miRNAs were then sequenced in breast cells exposed to estradiol, progesterone, prolactin and oxytocin. 38, 4, 24 and 66 miRNAs were associated with estradiol, progesterone, prolactin, and oxytocin exposure, respectively. Finally, when looking at miRNAs modulated by the hormones, differentially expressed during mammary gland development, and having a pattern of expression that could be correlated with the relative levels of hormones known to be found in vivo, 16 miRNAs were identified as likely regulated by circulating hormones. Overall, our study brings a better understanding of the regulation of miRNAs throughout mammary gland development and suggests that there is a relationship with their expression and main hormones involved in mammary gland development. Future studies will examine this role more in detail.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Development; Hormones; Mammary gland; MiRNA
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 12 mai 2024 14:59
Dernière modification: 12 mai 2024 14:59
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15662

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