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State shifts and divergent sensitivities to climate warming across northern ecosystems.


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Saulnier-Talbot, Émilie; Duchesne, Eliane; Antoniades, Dermot ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6629-4839; Arseneault, Dominique ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3419-2480; Barnard, Christine; Berteaux, Dominique ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2728-5985; Bhiry, Najat ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6609-0235; Bouchard, Frédéric ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9687-3356; Boudreau, Stéphane; Cazelles, Kevin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6619-9874; Comte, Jérôme ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7936-4290; Corbeil-Robitaille, Madeleine-Zoé ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8324-1381; Côté, Steeve ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-1917; Couture, Raoul-Marie ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4940-3372; Fontaine, Guillaume de la ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6889-1733; Domine, Florent; Fauteux, Dominique; Fortier, Daniel; Garneau, Michelle ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1956-9243; Gauthier, Gilles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2624-3508; Gravel, Dominique ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4498-7076; Laurion, Isabelle ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8694-3330; Lavoie, Martin; Lecomte, Nicolas ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8473-5375; Legagneux, Pierre; Lévesque, Esther ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1119-6032; Naud, Marie-José; Paquette, Michel; Payette, Serge; Pienitz, Reinhard; Rautio, Milla ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2375-9082; Roy, Alexandre ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1472-3619; Royer, Alain; Simard, Martin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6174-0657; Vincent, Warwick ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9055-1938 et Bêty, Joël ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8775-6411 (9999). State shifts and divergent sensitivities to climate warming across northern ecosystems. Nature Portfolio . DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-3026284/v1. (Soumis)

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Northern ecosystems are among the most exposed to warming and their responses are difficult to anticipate due to the variable sensitivity of their biophysical components. Using an analysis based on expert assessment, we investigated heterogeneity in the sensitivity to climate-driven state shifts across the vast northern landscape, from the boreal to the polar biomes. Over a 3,700 km latitudinal gradient in northeastern North America, we identified 28 discontinuous states for six ecosystem components: permafrost, peatlands, lakes, snowpack, vegetation, and endothermic vertebrates. Sensitivities were quantified by the estimated time required to shift from an initial to a contrasting state in response to a 5°C step increase in mean annual air temperature. The inferred scenario reveals that multiple interconnected state shifts are likely to occur within a narrow subarctic latitudinal band at timescales of 10 to >100 years. However, response times decrease with latitude, with freshwater systems at high latitudes displaying heightened susceptibility to rapid state shifts (timescales of 1 to 10 years). The lack of coherence in response times between components and across latitudes will likely impair the integrity of northern ecosystems and generate heterogeneous range shifts, resulting in the reconfiguration of landscapes and ecosystems.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biological sciences; ecology; climate-change ecology; earth and environmental sciences; environmental sciences
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 10 juill. 2024 13:10
Dernière modification: 10 juill. 2024 13:10
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15635

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