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Canada’s Geothermal Energy Update in 2023.


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Huang, Katherine; Dehghani-Sanij, Alireza ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3463-5242; Hickson, Catherine ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9004-1962; Grasby, Stephen E.; Smejkal, Emily; Miranda, Mafalda M.; Raymond, Jasmin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7486-9185; Fraser, Derek; Harbottle, Kass; Torres, Daniel Alonso; Ebell, John; Dixon, Julie; Olsen, Emily; Vany, Jeanine; Marcia, Kirsten; Colpron, Maurice; Wigston, Andrew; Brasnett, Gordon; Unsworth, Martyn et Harms, Phil (2024). Canada’s Geothermal Energy Update in 2023. Energies , vol. 17 , nº 8. p. 1807. DOI: 10.3390/en17081807.

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Geothermal energy exploration, development, and research have been ongoing in Canada for several decades. The country’s cold climate and the push to develop renewable energy sources have driven interest in geothermal energy. Despite this drive, regulatory complexities and competition with other relatively inexpensive energy sources with existing infrastructure have hindered development. As such, interest has grown and waned with changes in the energy economy over several decades, leaving many projects at a standstill. As of January 2023, there are currently no operational geothermal power projects in Canada. Many hot spring pool and spa complexes remain active, and Canada is a leading country in the installation of ground source heat pumps (GSHPs; also called geo-exchange systems). However, in the last decade, the interest in deep geothermal systems has renewed, with many new projects starting up across several provinces and territories. Moreover, projects that had shown limited progress for many years—such as Mount Meager in British Columbia—have begun to renew their development efforts. Research is also expanding within prominent research groups and universities. The areas of focus include both building upon previous studies (such as thermal gradients and the heat flow in sedimentary basins) and researching new methods and resources (such as GSHPs, closed-loop systems, integrated geothermal operations, and hybrid systems, including heat storage). The development is supported by federal, provincial, and territorial governments through grants and the development of regulatory frameworks. Although challenges still remain for Canada to develop its geothermal energy resources, several power, thermal, and co-production projects, ongoing research, funding, and regulatory acts are all moving forward to support geothermal development. This paper aims to study Canada’s geothermal energy update in 2023 regarding the aspects mentioned above.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: geothermal; direct use; power generation; regulatory framework; Canada; renewable energy
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 juill. 2024 17:34
Dernière modification: 09 juill. 2024 17:34
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15598

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