Dépôt numérique

Water renewal estimates for aquaculture developments in the Richibucto estuary, Canada.

Koutitonsky, Vladimir G.; Guyondet, Thomas L.; St-Hilaire, André ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8443-5885; Courtenay, Simon Charles et Boghen, Andrew D. (2004). Water renewal estimates for aquaculture developments in the Richibucto estuary, Canada. Estuaries , vol. 27 , nº 5. pp. 839-850.

Ce document n'est pas hébergé sur EspaceINRS.


Water renewal in semi-enclosed coastal areas is crucial for the supply of oxygen and seston and for the removal of organic loadings from finfish or shellfish aquaculture sites. Water renewal depends on hydrodynamic processes and can have a complex spatial distribution due to irregular topographic features. This study describes some physical oceanography observations gathered in the Richibucto estuary, New Brunswick, Canada, and provides an estimate of the spatial distribution of water renewal in the North Arm, a location in the estuary where the largest American oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture operation in eastern Canada is located. The estuary changes from a well mixed estuary to a partially stratified estuary depending on runoff conditions. Tides are mixed but mainly diurnal due to the nearby presence of the second M2 amphidromic point in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Tidal amplitudes vary from 0.3 to 0.6 m and show a slight increase some 35 km upstream. Currents in the main channel can reach over 0.60 m s-1 during ebb and 0.3 m s-1 during flood, with a slack water period of approximately 8 h. Low frequency sea level fluctuations have a range of 0.5 m at the mouth and are coherent within the estuary. Hydrodynamic and advection-dispersion models are used to calculate the spatial distribution of the local renewal time (LRT) in the North Arm for high and low freshwater discharge conditions, using the dissolved tracer method. Results show that the LRT varies from less than 5 d at the downstream end of the North Arm to over 100 d further upstream. When averaged over the entire North Arm, the integral renewal time (IRT) is estimated to vary only from 8 to 21 d depending on the season. The LRT and IRT estimates are major improvements over conventional renewal estimates using tidal prism methods.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: aquaculture; estuarine dynamics; hydrodynamics; pollutant removal; tidal current; water exchange; water quality
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 10 juill. 2024 13:58
Dernière modification: 10 juill. 2024 13:58
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15571

Gestion Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice