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Deep geothermal doublets versus deep borehole heat exchangers: A comparative study for cold sedimentary basins.

Gascuel, Violaine; Rivard, Christine et Raymond, Jasmin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7486-9185 (2024). Deep geothermal doublets versus deep borehole heat exchangers: A comparative study for cold sedimentary basins. Applied Energy , vol. 361 . p. 122826. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2024.122826.

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Geothermal systems installed at intermediate depths (∼1–2 km) in sedimentary basins represent an attractive option to provide low-carbon heat in cold countries, even where the geothermal gradient is low, using either closed- or open loop systems combined with heat pumps. However, the installation of such systems is costly and risky due to the uncertainty associated with the geological, hydrogeological and thermal properties of the targeted unit(s). Additionally, the performance of different types of systems is seldom compared in the literature for a given geological context. This paper presents a numerical approach to readily assess the maximum energy that could be produced by different geothermal systems (a deep borehole heat exchanger (DBHE) and three types of doublets) and compare their performance for preselection purposes. Since deep formations are often poorly characterized, the sensitivity of these systems to the most impactful site properties is evaluated. For each scenario of site properties, the systems were simulated for different operation flow rates. The maximum usable flow rate is determined from simulation results. The flow rate maximizing net energy production is used for the DBHE, while the maximum flow rate ensuring safe injection pressure has been selected for the doublets. The heating power produced per length drilled and system COP are calculated for each simulation and interpolated for the maximum usable flow rate to fairly compare the systems' performance. An illustrative case using the Bécancour area (eastern Canada) highlights that, even if the site stratigraphy and properties have been relatively well characterized previously, uncertainty regarding key properties significantly affects simulation results and, consequently, the choice of the geothermal system to install. Our numerical approach is intended as a decision-making aid in order to properly plan the installation of these expensive systems.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: geothermal energy; space heating; DBHE; doublet; numerical simulation; Bécancour
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 juill. 2024 18:46
Dernière modification: 09 juill. 2024 18:46
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15502

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