Dépôt numérique

Early developmental toxicity of Atlantic salmon exposed to conventional and unconventional oils.

Bérubé, Roxanne ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3715-9600; Garnier, Camille; Lefebvre-Raine, Molly; Gauthier, Charles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2475-2050; Bergeron, Normand ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2413-6810; Triffault-Bouchet, Gaëlle; Langlois, Valérie S. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4031-6838 et Couture, Patrice ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1944-5136 (2023). Early developmental toxicity of Atlantic salmon exposed to conventional and unconventional oils. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , vol. 250 . p. 114487. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2022.114487.

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Atlantic salmon is an important species for Canadian culture and economy and its importance extends beyond Canada to Scandinavia and Western Europe. However, it is a vulnerable species facing decline due to habitat contamination and destruction. Existing and new Canadian pipeline projects pose a threat to salmonid habitat. The effects of diluted bitumen (dilbit), the main oil circulating in pipelines, are less studied than those of conventional oils, especially during the critical early embryonic developmental stage occurring in freshwater ecosystems. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effects of water-accommodated fractions (WAF) of the Clearwater McMurray dilbit and the Lloydminster Heavy conventional oil on Atlantic salmon embryos exposed either from fertilization or from eyed stage. The dilbit contained the highest concentrations of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds (including BTEX and C6-C10), while the conventional oil contained the highest concentrations of PAHs. The Clearwater dilbit caused a higher percentage of mortality and malformations than the conventional oil at similar WAF concentrations. In addition, the embryos exposed from fertilization suffered a higher mortality rate, more developmental delays, and malformations than embryos exposed from the eyed stage, suggesting that early development is the most sensitive developmental stage to oil exposure. Gene expression and enzymatic activity of the detoxification phase I and II enzymes (CYP1A and GST) were measured. Data showed increases in both cyp1a expression and GST activity with increasing WAF concentrations, while gst expression was not affected by the exposures. Also, gene expression of proteins involved in the biotransformation of vitamin A and DNA damage repair were modified by the oil exposures. Overall, this study indicates that Atlantic salmon is mostly affected by oil exposure at the beginning of its development, during which embryos accumulate deformities that may impact their survival at later life stages.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: atlantic salmon; embryonic development; oil; deformities; vitamin A; DNA repair
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 juill. 2024 19:14
Dernière modification: 09 juill. 2024 19:14
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15417

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