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Divergent bacterial landscapes: unraveling geographically driven microbiomes in Atlantic cod


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Fronton, Fanny; Villemur, Richard ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9768-8937; Robert, Dominique et St-Pierre, Yves ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1948-2041 (2024). Divergent bacterial landscapes: unraveling geographically driven microbiomes in Atlantic cod Scientific Reports , vol. 14 , nº 6088. pp. 1-12. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-024-56616-y.

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Establishing microbiome signatures is now recognized as a critical step toward identifying genetic and environmental factors shaping animal-associated microbiomes and informing the health status of a given host. In the present work, we prospectively collected 63 blood samples of the Atlantic cod population of the Southern Gulf of Saint Lawrence (GSL) and characterized their 16S rRNA circulating microbiome signature. Our results revealed that the blood microbiome signature was dominated at the phylum level by Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria, a typical signature for fish populations inhabiting the GSL and other marine ecosystems. At the genus level, however, we identified two distinct cod groups. While the microbiome signature of the first group was dominated by Pseudoalteromonas, a genus we previously found in the microbiome signature of Greenland and Atlantic halibut populations of the GSL, the second group had a microbiome signature dominated by Nitrobacter and Sediminibacterium (approximately 75% of the circulating microbiome). Cods harboring a Nitrobacter/Sediminibacterium-rich microbiome signature were localized in the most southern part of the GSL, just along the northern coast of Cape Breton Island. Atlantic cod microbiome signatures did not correlate with the weight, length, relative condition, depth, temperature, sex, and salinity, as previously observed in the halibut populations. Our study provides, for the first time, a unique snapshot of the circulating microbiome signature of Atlantic cod populations and the potential existence of dysbiotic signatures associated with the geographical distribution of the population, probably linked with the presence of nitrite in the environment.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Atlantic cod; Dysbiosis; Circulating microbiome; 16S rRNA gene; Gulf of St. Lawrence; Nitrobacter; Sediminibacterium; Metagenome
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 17 mars 2024 19:14
Dernière modification: 17 mars 2024 19:14
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/15307

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