Dépôt numérique

Unraveling the crystal structure of the HpaA adhesin: insights into cell adhesion function and epitope localization of a Helicobacter pylori vaccine candidate

Martini, Cyrielle; Araba, Victoria; Beniani, Meriem; Armoa Ortiz, Paula; Simmons, Mimi; Chalbi, Mariem; Mellouk, Abdelkader; El Bakkouri, Majida et Calmettes, Charles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2542-4382 (2024). Unraveling the crystal structure of the HpaA adhesin: insights into cell adhesion function and epitope localization of a Helicobacter pylori vaccine candidate mBio , nº e0295223. pp. 1-17. DOI: 10.1128/mbio.02952-23. (Sous Presse)

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Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that exhibits strict host restriction to humans and non-human primates, and the bacterium is widely acknowledged as a significant etiological factor in the development of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancers. The pathogenic potential of this organism lies in its adeptness at colonizing the gastric mucosa, which is facilitated by a diverse repertoire of virulence factors, including adhesins that promote the attachment of the bacteria to the gastric epithelium. Among these adhesins, HpaA stands out due to its conserved nature and pivotal role in establishing H. pylori colonization. Moreover, this lipoprotein holds promise as an antigen for the development of effective H. pylori vaccines, thus attracting considerable attention for in-depth investigations into its molecular function and identification of binding determinants. Here, we present the elucidation of the crystallographic structure of HpaA at 2.9 Å resolution. The folding adopts an elongated protein shape, which is distinctive to the Helicobacteraceae family, and features an apical domain extension that plays a critical role in the cell-adhesion activity on gastric epithelial cells. Our study also demonstrates the ability of HpaA to induce TNF-α expression in macrophages, highlighting a novel role as an immunoregulatory effector promoting the pro-inflammatory response in vitro. These findings not only contribute to a deeper comprehension of the multifaceted role of HpaA in H. pylori pathogenesis but also establish a fundamental basis for the design and development of structure-based derivatives, aimed at enhancing the efficacy of H. pylori vaccines.IMPORTANCEHelicobacter pylori is a bacterium that can cause chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancers. The bacterium adheres to the lining of the stomach using proteins called adhesins. One of these proteins, HpaA, is particularly important for H. pylori colonization and is considered a promising vaccine candidate against H. pylori infections. In this work, we determined the atomic structure of HpaA, identifying a characteristic protein fold to the Helicobacter family and delineating specific amino acids that are crucial to support the attachment to the gastric cells. Additionally, we discovered that HpaA can trigger the production of TNF-α, a proinflammatory molecule, in macrophages. These findings provide valuable insights into how H. pylori causes disease and suggest that HpaA has a dual role in both attachment and immune activation. This knowledge could contribute to the development of improved vaccine strategies for preventing H. pylori infections.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Helicobacter pylori; adhesins; biophysics; protein structure-function; structural biology
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 27 févr. 2024 19:26
Dernière modification: 27 févr. 2024 19:26
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14334

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