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Donepezil-Loaded Nanocarriers for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Superior Efficacy of Extracellular Vesicles Over Polymeric Nanoparticles


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Oliveira Silva, Rummenigge; Counil, Hermine; Rabanel, Jean-Michel; Haddad, Mohamed; Zaouter, Charlotte; ben Khedher, Mohamed Raâfet; Patten, Shunmoogum A. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2782-3547 et Ramassamy, Charles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3252-5878 (2024). Donepezil-Loaded Nanocarriers for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Superior Efficacy of Extracellular Vesicles Over Polymeric Nanoparticles International Journal of Nanomedicine , vol. 19 . pp. 1077-1096. DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S449227.

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INTRODUCTION: Drug delivery across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is challenging and therefore severely restricts neurodegenerative diseases therapy such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Donepezil (DNZ) is an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor largely prescribed to AD patients, but its use is limited due to peripheral adverse events. Nanodelivery strategies with the polymer Poly (lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-based nanoparticles (NPs-PLA-PEG) and the extracellular vesicles (EVs) were developed with the aim to improve the ability of DNZ to cross the BBB, its brain targeting and efficacy.

METHODS: EVs were isolated from human plasma and PLA-PEG NPs were synthesized by nanoprecipitation. The toxicity, brain targeting capacity and cholinergic activities of the formulations were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS: EVs and NPs-PLA-PEG were designed to be similar in size and charge, efficiently encapsulated DNZ and allowed sustained drug release. In vitro study showed that both formulations EVs-DNZ and NPs-PLA-PEG-DNZ were highly internalized by the endothelial cells bEnd.3. These cells cultured on the Transwell(®) model were used to analyze the transcytosis of both formulations after validation of the presence of tight junctions, the transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) values and the permeability of the Dextran-FITC. In vivo study showed that both formulations were not toxic to zebrafish larvae (Danio rerio). However, hyperactivity was evidenced in the NPs-PLA-PEG-DNZ and free DNZ groups but not the EVs-DNZ formulations. Biodistribution analysis in zebrafish larvae showed that EVs were present in the brain parenchyma, while NPs-PLA-PEG remained mainly in the bloodstream.

CONCLUSION: The EVs-DNZ formulation was more efficient to inhibit the AChE enzyme activity in the zebrafish larvae head. Thus, the bioinspired delivery system (EVs) is a promising alternative strategy for brain-targeted delivery by substantially improving the activity of DNZ for the treatment of AD.`

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Alzheimer’s disease; donepezil; extracellular vesicular; PLA-PEG; bEnd.3 cells; zebrafish
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2024 06:12
Dernière modification: 12 févr. 2024 06:12
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14197

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