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Simultaneous phosphates and nitrates removal from waste-waters by electrochemical process: Techno-economical assessment through response surface methodology.

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Ano, Judicaël ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1287-0324; Briton, Bi Gouessé Henri ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4465-9443; Assémian, Alain Stéphane ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7755-9775; Drogui, Patrick ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3802-2729; Yao, Kouassi Benjamin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4048-6207 et Adouby, Kopoin (9999). Simultaneous phosphates and nitrates removal from waste-waters by electrochemical process: Techno-economical assessment through response surface methodology. Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering . DOI: 10.5599/jese.2052. (Sous Presse)

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Résumé

In this study, a new multiobjective optimization of the simultaneous removal of phosphates and nitrates by electrocoagulation was studied using the Box-Behnken design. Ten aluminium electrodes, connected in a monopolar configuration in a batch reactor, were immersed in synthetic wastewater and then in real wastewater. The optimal conditions and the effects of parameters (current intensity, electrolysis time and initial pH) on phosphate and nitrate removal, the formation of by-products, and the operating cost were assessed in the case of synthetic wastewater. This optimization allowed to eliminate 89.21 % of phos­phates, 69.06 % of nitrates with an operating cost of 3.44 USD m-3 against 13.67 mg L-1 of ammonium generated. Optimal conditions applied to real domestic wastewater made it possible to remove 93 % of phosphates and 90.3 % of nitrates with an ammonium residual of 30.9 mg L-1. The addition of sodium chloride reduced the residual ammonium content to 2.95 mg L-1. Further, XRD analysis of the sludge showed poor crystal structure and the FTIR spectrum suggested that the phosphate is removed by adsorption and co-precipitation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: electrocoagulation; monopolar configuration; phosphates; nitrates; optimization
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 févr. 2024 21:15
Dernière modification: 06 févr. 2024 21:15
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14189

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