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Numerical Study of the Flow and Blockage Ratio of Cylindrical Pier Local Scour.


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Hurtado-Herrera, Mario; Zhang, Wei ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0010-1920; Hammouti, Abdelkader; Pham Van Bang, Damien et Nguyen, Kim Dan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5497-966X (2023). Numerical Study of the Flow and Blockage Ratio of Cylindrical Pier Local Scour. Applied Sciences , vol. 13 , nº 20. p. 11501. DOI: 10.3390/app132011501.

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A three-dimensional large eddy simulation model is used to simulate the turbulent flow dynamics around a circular pier in live-bed and clear-water scour conditions. The Navier–Stokes equations are transformed into a σ-coordinate system and solved using a second-order unstructured triangular finite-volume method. We simulate the bed evolution by solving the Exner-Polya equation assisted by a sand-slide model as a correction method. The bedload transport rate is based on the model of Engelund and Fredsœ. The model was validated for live-bed conditions in a wide channel and clear-water conditions in a narrow channel against the experimental data found in the literature. The in-house model NSMP3D can successfully produce both the live-bed and clear-water scouring throughout a stable long-term simulation. The flow model was used to study the effects of the blockage ratio in the flow near the pier in clear-water conditions, particularly the contraction effect at the zone where the scour hole starts to form. The scour depth in the clear water simulations is generally deeper than the live-bed simulations. In clear-water, the results show that the present model is able to qualitatively and quantitatively capture the hydrodynamic and morphodynamic processes near the bed. In comparison to the wide channel situation, the simulations indicate that the scour rate is faster in the narrow channel case.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: 3D flow simulation; clear-water flow; live-bed flow; horseshoe vortex; local scour; narrow channel
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 févr. 2024 21:12
Dernière modification: 06 févr. 2024 21:12
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14185

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