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Conversion of Aluminosilicate Residue Generated from Lithium Extraction Process to NaX Zeolite.


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Ibsaine, Fatima; Azizi, Dariush; Dionne, Justine; Tran, Lan Huong; Coudert, Lucie ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5083-9929; Pasquier, Louis-César ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7155-3257 et Blais, Jean-François ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3087-4318 (2023). Conversion of Aluminosilicate Residue Generated from Lithium Extraction Process to NaX Zeolite. Minerals , vol. 13 , nº 12. p. 1467. DOI: 10.3390/min13121467.

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The production of lithium from spodumene ores generates huge amounts of residues mainly composed of aluminosilicates. The main objective of the present study was to synthesize NaX zeolites with good ion-exchange capacity from these aluminosilicate residues, without using the fusion step or chemically modifying their initial Si/Al ratio. A physico-chemical (chemical composition, sorption capacity) and mineralogical (XRD, SEM) characterization of the zeolite synthesized using the conventional hydrothermal process (Process_1) was performed and compared with zeolite produced using a fusion step followed by a hydrothermal treatment process (Process_2) and commercial zeolite 13X. Then, the effect of operating parameters such as aging time and temperature, crystallization time and solid/liquid ratio on the sorption capacities of the synthesized zeolites using the conventional hydrothermal process was assessed. Initial aluminosilicate residues were mainly composed of Al2O3 (24.6%) and SiO2 (74.0%), while containing low amounts of potential contaminants (<1.6%). Based on its chemical composition, the fine fraction (<53 µm) was identified as the most suitable fraction to produce zeolites, while coarser fractions which contained higher Li content can be used to produce glass and ceramics. Physico-chemical and mineralogical characterization results show that zeolite produced using the conventional hydrothermal process (Process_1) had similar properties compared to zeolites 13X. Therefore, Process_1 was identified as the most performant while reducing operating costs related to alkaline fusion pre-treatments, which did not significantly improve zeolite properties. Finally, the optimum conditions for converting the residues into zeolite NaX, which had an ion-exchange capacity of 58 mg Ca/g were 8 h of aging at 75 °C and 16 h of crystallization at 100 °C, with a solid/liquid ratio of 1/10 (w/v).

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: zeolite synthesis; aluminosilicates residue; conventional hydrothermal process; ion-exchange capacity
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 févr. 2024 21:11
Dernière modification: 06 févr. 2024 21:11
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14183

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