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Three-Dimensional Cell Culture of Epididymal Basal Cells and Organoids: A Novel Tool for Toxicology


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Dufresne, Julie; Gregory, Mary; Pinel, Laurie et Cyr, Daniel G. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6566-783X (2024). Three-Dimensional Cell Culture of Epididymal Basal Cells and Organoids: A Novel Tool for Toxicology Current Protocols in Cell Biology , vol. 4 , nº 1:e975. pp. 1-23. DOI: 10.1002/cpz1.975.

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Spermatozoa are formed in the testis but must transit through the epididymis to acquire motility and the ability to fertilize. The epididymis is a single convoluted tubule comprising several anatomically and physiologically distinct regions. The pseudostratified epithelium consists of multiple cell types, including principal cells, clear cells, narrow cells, and apical cells, that line the lumen of the epididymis. Basal cells are present at the base of the epithelium, and halo cells, which includes macrophages/monocytes, mononuclear phagocytes, and T lymphocytes, are also present in the epithelium. Several aspects of this complex spermatozoan maturation process are well established, but a great deal remains poorly understood. Given that dysfunction of the epididymis has been associated with male infertility, in vitro tools to study epididymal function and epididymal sperm maturation are required. Our lab and others have previously developed human, rat, and mouse epithelial principal cell lines, which have been used to address certain questions, such as about the regulation of junctional proteins in the epididymis, as well as the toxicity of nonylphenols. Given that the epididymal epithelium comprises multiple cell types, however, a 3D in vitro model provides a more comprehensive and realistic tool that can be used to study and elucidate the multiple aspects of epididymal function. The purpose of this article is to provide detailed information regarding the preparation, maintenance, passaging, and immunofluorescent staining of rat epididymal organoids derived from adult basal cells, which we have demonstrated to be a type of adult stem cell in the rat epididymis. © 2024 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Isolation of epididymal cells Basic Protocol 2: Magnetic activated cell sorting and isolation of basal cells Basic Protocol 3: Preparation and culture of epididymal basal cell organoids Basic Protocol 4: Passage of epididymal basal cell organoids Basic Protocol 5: Freezing and thawing of epididymal basal cell organoids Basic Protocol 6: Immunofluorescent staining of epididymal basal cell organoids.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: 3D Cell Culture; Adult Stem Cells; Basal Cells; Cell Differentiation; Epididymis
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 05 févr. 2024 05:49
Dernière modification: 05 févr. 2024 05:49
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14179

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