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The potential consequences of grain-trade disruption on food security in the Middle East and North Africa region.


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Rahimi, Jaber; Smerald, Andrew; Moutahir, Hassane; Khorsandi, Mostafa ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4359-1600 et Butterbach-Bahl, Klaus (2023). The potential consequences of grain-trade disruption on food security in the Middle East and North Africa region. Frontiers in Nutrition , vol. 10 . DOI: 10.3389/fnut.2023.1239548.

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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has seen remarkable population growth over the last century, outpacing other global regions and resulting in an over-reliance on food imports. In consequence, it has become heavily dependent on grain imports, making it vulnerable to trade disruptions (e.g., due to the Russia-Ukraine War). Here, we quantify the importance of imported grains for dietary protein and energy, and determine the level of import reductions at which countries are threatened with severe hunger. Utilizing statistics provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), we employed a stepwise calculation process to quantify the allocation of both locally produced and imported grains between the food and feed sectors. These calculations also enabled us to establish a connection between feed demand and production levels. Our analysis reveals that, across the MENA region, 40% of total dietary energy (1,261 kcal/capita/day) and 63% of protein (55 g/capita/day) is derived from imported grains, and could thus be jeopardized by trade disruptions. This includes 164 kcal/capita/day of energy and 11 g/capita/day of protein imported from Russia and Ukraine. If imports from these countries ceased completely, the region would thus face a severe challenge to adequately feed its population. This study emphasizes the need for proactive measures to mitigate risks and ensure a stable food and feed supply in the MENA region.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: food; feed; protein; energy; trade; MENA
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 06 févr. 2024 21:02
Dernière modification: 06 févr. 2024 21:02
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/14176

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