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Phylogenetic diversity of functional genes in deep-sea cold seeps: a novel perspective on metagenomics


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Wang, Danrui; Li, Jiangtao; Su, Lei; Shen, Wenli; Feng, Kai; Peng, Xi; Wang, Zhujon; Zhao, Bo; Zhang, Zhen; Zhang, Zhaojing; Yergeau, Étienne ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7112-3425 et Deng, Ye (2023). Phylogenetic diversity of functional genes in deep-sea cold seeps: a novel perspective on metagenomics Microbiome , vol. 11 , nº 276. pp. 1-16. DOI: 10.1186/s40168-023-01723-7.

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BACKGROUND: Leakages of cold, methane-rich fluids from subsurface reservoirs to the sea floor are termed cold seeps. Recent exploration of the deep sea has shed new light on the microbial communities in cold seeps. However, conventional metagenomic methods largely rely on reference databases and neglect the phylogeny of functional genes.

RESULTS: In this study, we developed the REMIRGE program to retrieve the full-length functional genes from shotgun metagenomic reads and fully explored the phylogenetic diversity in cold seep sediments. The abundance and diversity of functional genes involved in the methane, sulfur, and nitrogen cycles differed in the non-seep site and five cold seep sites. In one Haima cold seep site, the divergence of functional groups was observed at the centimeter scale of sediment depths, with the surface layer potentially acting as a reservoir of microbial species and functions. Additionally, positive correlations were found between specific gene sequence clusters of relevant genes, indicating coupling occurred within specific functional groups.

CONCLUSION: REMIRGE revealed divergent phylogenetic diversity of functional groups and functional pathway preferences in a deep-sea cold seep at finer scales, which could not be detected by conventional methods. Our work highlights that phylogenetic information is conducive to more comprehensive functional profiles, and REMIRGE has the potential to uncover more new insights from shotgun metagenomic data. Video Abstract.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Geologic Sediments; Phylogeny; RNA; Ribosomal; 16S/genetics Methane/metabolism Microbiota
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 04 janv. 2024 14:47
Dernière modification: 04 janv. 2024 14:47
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13955

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