Dépôt numérique

Childhood Exposure to Pyrethroids and Neurodevelopment in Canadian Preschoolers

Nkinsa, Patrick Ntantu; Fisher, Mandy; Muckle, Gina; Guay, Mireille; Arbuckle, Tye E; Fraser, William D.; Boylan, Khrista; Booij, Linda; Walker, Mark et Bouchard, Maryse F. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6246-4802 (2023). Childhood Exposure to Pyrethroids and Neurodevelopment in Canadian Preschoolers Neurotoxicology , vol. 99 . pp. 120-128. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuro.2023.10.001.

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BACKGROUND: Pyrethroid insecticides are used both residentially and agriculturally and their toxicity targets the nervous system of insects. They might also interfere with development and function of the human brain. A few epidemiological studies suggest that exposure to pyrethroids may be associated with neurobehavioral problems in children but there is little data on potential associations with cognitive outcomes. Furthermore, many studies showed that the neurotoxic effects of several pesticides are modified by sex, hence, considerations of potential sex-differences are important to investigate.

OBJECTIVE: To study the cross-sectional association between urinary levels of pyrethroid metabolites and neurodevelopment, including neurobehavioral and cognitive outcomes, in preschool-age children, and to examine whether sex might modify these associations.

METHODS: We used data from a follow-up examination of the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC), the MIREC Child Development study (MIREC-CD Plus) on children at age 3-4 years living in 6 Canadian cities. For each participant, we collected a urine sample for measurements of pyrethroids metabolites (cis-DBCA, cis-DCCA, trans-DCCA, 3-PBA, 4-F-3-PBA). We assessed neurodevelopment with the Wechsler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligence-III (WPPSI-III) and two scales of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool (BRIEF-P). Parents reported children's behavior using the Behavior Assessment System for Children-2 (BASC-2) and the Social Responsiveness Scale-2 (SRS-2). We examined associations between children's urinary pyrethroid metabolite concentrations and neurodevelopmental scores with multiple linear regression models, adjusting for confounders, in boys and girls separately.

RESULTS: The study included 179 children (mean age: 3.2y, range 2.8 to 4.0). The detection frequencies were high for most pyrethroid metabolites (83-100%), but lower for 4-F-3-PBA (36%). Higher concentrations of cis-DBCA were significantly associated with lower verbal, performance and full-scale IQ scores in boys (e.g., for a 2-fold increase in cis-DBCA, β = -2.0; 95% CI: -3.4, -0.6 for full-scale IQ). In girls, the only metabolite associated with cognitive scores was 3-PBA, which was associated with lower verbal IQ scores (β = -1.3, 95% CI: -2.6, -0.1). For neurobehavioral outcomes in boys, there were associations between poorer BASC-2 Adaptive Skills scores with higher concentrations of cis-DCCA (β = -1.6, 95% CI: -2.3, -0.9), trans-DCCA (β = -1.5, 95% CI: -2.2, -0.8), 3-PBA (β = -1.7, 95% CI: -2.5, -0.9), and sum of pyrethroid metabolites (β = -1.8, 95% CI: -2.6, -0.9). In girls, we observed a significant association between higher concentration of cis-DCCA and better BASC-2 Adaptive Skills score (β = 1.0; 95% CI, 0.2, 1.8), but not with other urinary pyrethroids metabolites. Scores on the SRS-2 and BRIEF-P were not associated with pyrethroid metabolites.

CONCLUSION: There were associations between some pyrethroid pesticide metabolites and indicators of neurodevelopmental disorder, especially among boys. These associations are in agreement with previous studies and could suggest that exposure to pyrethroid pesticides represents a risk of potential toxicity for the cognitive development of children, and a risk for behavioral development. However, the cross-sectional nature of this study limits causal inferences.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Cohort study; IQ; Insecticide; Neurodevelopment; Neurotoxicology; Pyrethroid
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 04 janv. 2024 14:40
Dernière modification: 04 janv. 2024 14:40
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13922

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