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Identifying the critical lakeshore zone to optimize landscape factors for improved lake water quality in a semi-arid region of Northeastern China.


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Ou, Yang; Rousseau, Alain N. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3439-2124; Yan, Baixing; Zhang, Yubo; Sui, Yuanyuan et Cui, Hu (2023). Identifying the critical lakeshore zone to optimize landscape factors for improved lake water quality in a semi-arid region of Northeastern China. Ecological Indicators , vol. 154 . p. 110834. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.110834.

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The degradation of water quality and decline in purification capacity of lakeshore zones due to anthropogenic activities and climate change is a growing concern in China. The identification of the critical width of the lakeshore zone remains a challenge due to natural geographic features and pollutant types, that is why a general identification approach has yet to be developed. To facilitate the planning of lakeshore restoration plans, it becomes necessary to conduct studies focusing on the development of relationships between water quality and landscape factors within the lakeshore zone in different regions. In this study, spatio-temporal patterns of water quality of 49 lakes in Western Jilin Province, China, were determined through field monitoring from 2015 to 2019. Multivariate statistical methods were applied to quantitatively identify the relationships between lakes water quality and landscape factors within lakeshore zones of different widths. The results indicated that nitrogen (N) contributed more to eutrophication, while fluoride concentrations were found to be abnormally high. Furthermore, the width of the lakeshore zone was found to have a significant impact on water quality, with a critical width of 150 m having the greatest effect. Cropland and saline land explained almost 50% of the water quality variability throughout different seasons. The results also revealed that dual control of N and phosphorus (P) will be required to prevent eutrophication in the study area. Agricultural activities and severe soil salinization were identified as the main causes of diffuse pollution. The establishment of a width threshold identification framework for lakeshore zones is not only of great significance for development of scientific and acceptable restoration plans for lakeshore vegetation filters in ecologically vulnerable areas of western Jilin, but should also provide an effective and user-friendly tool for implementing diffuse pollution control.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: lakeshore; landscape pattern; water quality; spatial scale; semi-arid region
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 07 déc. 2023 20:37
Dernière modification: 07 déc. 2023 20:37
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13744

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