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Treatment of superficial and deep partial width second degree burn's wound with allogeneic cord blood platelet gel


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Nilforoushzadeh, Mohammad Ali; Torkamaniha, Elham; Dahmardehei, Mostafa; Amirkhani, Mohammad Amir; Heidari-Kharaji, Maryam; Mansouri, Parvin; Hortamani, Shamim et Zare, Sona (2023). Treatment of superficial and deep partial width second degree burn's wound with allogeneic cord blood platelet gel Skin research and technology , vol. 29 , nº 9:e13471. pp. 1-13. DOI: 10.1111/srt.13471.

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BACKGROUND: Burns are caused by a variety of mechanisms, including flames, hot liquids, metallurgy, chemicals, electric current, and ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The most significant burn wound management involves complete repair and regeneration as soon as possible while minimizing infection, contraction, and scarring in the damaged tissue area. Some factors such as delivery of nutrients, growth factors, and oxygen are essential to promote and stimulate the wound healing progress in the burns area. When these factors are not provided, the burn wound undergoes a physiological crisis. The use of growth factors is a promising approach to overcoming this limitation. Umbilical cord blood platelet concentrates are a rich natural source of growth factors. METHODS: This clinical trial used growth factors released from the lysis of umbilical cord blood platelet concentrates that have a key role in promoting re-epithelization and regeneration of damaged tissues by forming a fibrin network. This study evaluated the effectiveness of allogeneic cord blood platelet gel topical dressing in a group of patients diagnosed with superficial and deep partial thickness (second-degree) burn wounds. Clinical outcomes were compared between the intervention group and a control group of patients with superficial second-degree burn wounds who received the standard routine treatment including paraffin gauze wound dressing and silver sulfadiazine ointment. RESULTS: The study's results showed that the increased rate of recovery and tissue granulation completely promoted to wound healing and burn wound closure, decreased the recovery time, and reduced inflammation and scars caused by burn injuries. However, the use of cord blood platelet gel topical dressing is not currently a routine treatment method in patients suffering from burn wounds. However, the study's results showed that allogenic cord blood platelet gel could be used to treat superficial and deep second-degree burns as a routine treatment. It was also shown that allogenic cord blood platelet gel topical dressing could be a candidate for autograft or after autograft skin transplantation surgery (in donor and recipient sites) instead of skin surgery in some patients. CONCLUSION: Allogeneic topical wound dressing provides an effective treatment that offers a faster rate of epithelialization and healing of wounds and also decreases patients' scar and inflammation level as well as the length of recovery time. This, finally, leads to better burn wound management and the improved quality of burn wound treatment.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: allogenic platelet gel; cord blood; growth factors; regenerative medicine; second-degree burn wound; wound healing.
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 29 déc. 2023 19:13
Dernière modification: 29 déc. 2023 19:13
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13660

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