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Bcl-6 expression by CD4(+) T cells determines concomitant immunity and host resistance across distinct parasitic infections


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Meli, Alexandre P; Russell, Gabriel A; Swaminathan, Sharada; Weichselbaum, Laura; MacMahon, Clara A; Pernet, Erwan; Karo-Atar, Danielle; Rogers, Dakota; Rochette, Annie; Fontes, Ghislaine; Mandl, Judith N; Divangahi, Maziar; Klein, Ophir D; Gregorieff, Alex; Stäger, Simona ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5508-9565 et King, Irah L (2023). Bcl-6 expression by CD4(+) T cells determines concomitant immunity and host resistance across distinct parasitic infections Mucosal immunology , vol. 16 , nº 6. pp. 801-818. DOI: 10.1016/j.mucimm.2023.08.004.

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Cluster of differentiation (CD4(+)) T cells consist of multiple subtypes, defined by expression of lineage-specific transcription factors, that contribute to the control of infectious diseases by providing help to immune and nonimmune target cells. In the current study, we examined the role of B cell lymphoma (Bcl)-6, a transcriptional repressor and master regulator of T follicular helper cell differentiation, in T cell-mediated host defense against intestinal and systemic parasitic infections. We demonstrate that while Bcl-6 expression by CD4(+) T cells is critical for antibody-mediated protective immunity against secondary infection with the nematode Heligmosoides polygyrus bakeri, it paradoxically compromises worm expulsion during primary infection by limiting the generation of interleukin-10 (IL-10)-producing Gata3(+) T helper 2 cells. Enhanced worm expulsion in the absence of Bcl-6 expressing T cells was associated with amplified intestinal goblet cell differentiation and increased generation of alternatively activated macrophages, effects that were reversed by neutralization of IL-10 signals. An increase in IL-10 production by Bcl-6-deficient CD4(+) T cells was also evident in the context of systemic Leishmania donovani infection, but in contrast to Heligmosoides polygyrus bakeri infection, compromised T helper 1-mediated liver macrophage activation and increased susceptibility to this distinct parasitic challenge. Collectively, our studies suggest that host defense pathways that protect against parasite superinfection and lethal systemic protozoal infections can be engaged at the cost of compromised primary resistance to well-tolerated helminths.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 30 déc. 2023 22:00
Dernière modification: 03 janv. 2024 21:51
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13653

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