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Blame attribution analysis of police motor vehicle collision reports involving child bicyclists

Caplan, Lea; Lashewicz, Bonnie; Pitt, Tona Michael; Aucoin, Janet; Fridman, Liraz; HubkaRao, Tate; Pike, Ian; Howard, Andrew; Macpherson, Alison K.; Rothman, Linda; Cloutier, Marie-Soleil ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8533-4784 et Hagel, Brent E. (9999). Blame attribution analysis of police motor vehicle collision reports involving child bicyclists Injury Prevention . DOI: 10.1136/ip-2023-044884. (Sous Presse)

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Background Injuries resulting from collisions between a bicyclist and driver are preventable and have high economic, personal and societal costs. Studying the language choices used by police officers to describe factors responsible for child bicyclist-motor vehicle collisions may help shift prevention efforts away from vulnerable road users to motorists and the environment. The overall aim was to investigate how police officers attribute blame in child (≤18 years) bicycle-motor vehicle collision scenarios. Methods A document analysis approach was used to analyse Alberta Transportation police collision reports from Calgary and Edmonton (2016–2017). Collision reports were categorised by the research team according to perceived blame (child, driver, both, neither, unsure). Content analysis was then used to examine police officer language choices. A narrative thematic analysis of the individual, behavioural, structural and environmental factors leading to collision blame was then conducted. Results Of 171 police collision reports included, child bicyclists were perceived to be at fault in 78 reports (45.6%) and adult drivers were perceived at fault in 85 reports (49.7%). Child bicyclists were portrayed through language choices as being irresponsible and irrational, leading to interactions with drivers and collisions. Risk perception issues were also mentioned frequently in relation to poor decisions made by child bicyclists. Most police officer reports discussed road user behaviours, and children were frequently blamed for collisions. Conclusions This work provides an opportunity to re-examine perceptions of factors related to motor vehicle and child bicyclist collisions with a view to prevention.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: bicyclist-motor vehicle collisions; child; cyclist; Calgary; Edmonton
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 18 juill. 2023 19:43
Dernière modification: 18 juill. 2023 19:43
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13552

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