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Geophysical open seismic hardware: design of a vertical seismic profiling instrument.


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Mercier, Arnaud; Dupuis, J. Christian et Giroux, Bernard ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2042-2759 (2023). Geophysical open seismic hardware: design of a vertical seismic profiling instrument. Journal of Open Hardware , vol. 7 , nº 1. pp. 1-14. DOI: 10.5334/joh.50.

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Geophysics can help provide guidance as we adapt to our changing environment. However, with advent of microelectronics, embedded systems and field programmable gate arrays, geophysical instruments have largely become a black box for most users: experiments are limited by the budgets that are available rather than the imagination of the geoscientific community. The solution we propose is to introduce affordable, modular and lightweight multi-component seismic instruments that can be deployed easily by researchers and explorers alike. We have developed a system that allows seismic data acquisition using very sensitive and compact accelerometers. These sensors are coupled to high-speed, multi-channel 24-bit downhole acquisition modules that were developed for this project. The control and synchronization of the system is engineered around microcontrollers that are compatible with the Arduino ecosystem. Communication between the parts of the system is done via a novel frequency modulated RS-485 communication protocol. This protocol makes it possible to send power and data over a wireline with only two conductors. The small diameter and the low cost of this system facilitates the deployment of a large number of channels or in configurations that may not be feasible with commercial equipment. The modular nature of the system makes it easy to adapt to other downhole applications or for draggable sensor arrays on surface. We consider that these efforts will contribute to the democratization of seismic survey in exploration, civil engineering and water prospecting to help reduce the global environmental impacts of human activities.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: geophysics; electronics; seismic; arduino
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 17 mai 2023 15:48
Dernière modification: 17 mai 2023 15:48
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13514

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