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An Overview of E-Cigarette Impact on Reproductive Health


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Montjean, Debbie; Godin Pagé, Marie-Hélène; Bélanger, Marie-Claire; Benkhalifa, Moncef et Miron, Pierre (2023). An Overview of E-Cigarette Impact on Reproductive Health Life , vol. 13 , nº 827. pp. 1-14. DOI: 10.3390/life13030827.

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Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are often considered a “safe substitute” for conventional cigarette cessation. The composition of the fluid is not always clearly defined and shows a large variation within brands and manufacturers. More than 80 compounds were detected in liquids and aerosols. E-cigarettes contain nicotine, and the addition of flavorings increases the toxicity of e-cigarette vapour in a significant manner. The heat generated by the e-cigarette leads to the oxidation and decomposition of its components, eventually forming harmful constituents in the inhaled vapour. The effects of these toxicants on male and female reproduction are well established in conventional cigarette smokers. Although toxins were measured at much lower levels in e-cigarette aerosols compared to smoke from a conventional cigarette, there are concerns about their potential impact on male and female reproduction. The information available was mainly obtained from studies conducted in animal models, and investigations in humans are scarce. However, the effects observed in animal models suggest that caution should be taken when vaping and that more research needs to be conducted to identify its potential adverse effects on fertility. The prevalence of e-cigarette usage is alarming, and warnings should be made about the impact of vaping on reproductive health. This document reviews the data regarding the impact of e-cigarette use on male and female reproduction.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: e-cigarette; infertility; oocyte; reproductive health; safety; sperm
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 09 déc. 2023 22:06
Dernière modification: 09 déc. 2023 22:06
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13430

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