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A Newly Identified Group of P-like (PL) Fimbria Genes from Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) Encode Distinct Adhesin Subunits and Mediate Adherence to Host Cells


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Habouria, Hajer; Bessaiah, Hicham; Pokharel, Pravil; Dhakal, Sabin; Maris, Ségolène; Buron, Julie; Houle, Sébastien et Dozois, Charles M. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4832-3936 (2022). A Newly Identified Group of P-like (PL) Fimbria Genes from Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) Encode Distinct Adhesin Subunits and Mediate Adherence to Host Cells Applied and Environmental Microbiology , vol. 88 , nº 13. e0142121. DOI: 10.1128/aem.01421-21.

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Fimbrial adhesins promote bacterial adherence and biofilm formation. Sequencing of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strain QT598 identified new fimbriae belonging to the π group, which we named PL (P-like) fimbriae since the genetic organization and sequence are similar to those of P and related fimbriae. Genes encoding PL fimbriae located on IncF plasmids are present in diverse E. coli isolates from poultry, human systemic infections, and other sources. As with P fimbriae, PL fimbriae exhibit divergence in adhesin-encoding genes and could be divided into 5 classes based on sequence differences in the PlfG adhesin. plf genes from two predominant PlfG adhesin classes, PlfG class I (PlfGI) and PlfGII, were cloned. PL fimbriae were visualized by electron microscopy, associated with increased biofilm, demonstrated distinct hemagglutination profiles, and promoted adherence to human bladder and kidney epithelial cells. The genes encoding hybrid fimbriae were comprised of genes from plf(QT598), wherein plfG was replaced by papG; the adhesin-encoding genes were also functional and mediated adherence to epithelial cells, demonstrating compatibility between the components of these two types of fimbriae. Deletion of plf genes did not reduce colonization of the mouse urinary tract in a single-strain infection model. In contrast, loss of plf genes significantly reduced competitive colonization in the mouse kidneys. Furthermore, plf gene expression was increased over 40-fold in the bladder compared to during in vitro culture. Overall, PL fimbriae represent a new group of fimbriae demonstrating both functional differences from and similarities to P fimbriae, which mediated adherence to host cells and improved competitive colonization of the mouse kidney. IMPORTANCE Fimbriae are important colonization factors in many bacterial species. The identification of a new type of fimbriae encoded on some IncF plasmids in E. coli was investigated. Genomic sequences demonstrated these fimbrial gene clusters have genetic diversity, particularly in the adhesin-encoding plfG gene. Functional studies demonstrated differences in hemagglutination specificity, although both types of Plf adhesin under study mediated adherence to human urinary epithelial cells. A plf mutant also showed decreased colonization of the kidneys in a mouse competitive infection model. PL fimbriae may represent previously unrecognized adhesins that could contribute to host specificity and tissue tropism of some E. coli strains.

Type de document: Article
Informations complémentaires: document e0142121
Mots-clés libres: adherence; adhesins; avian; biofilm; extraintestinal diseases; fimbria; fimbriae; hemagglutination; pathogenic E. coli; pili; pilus; poultry; urinary tract infection.
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 09 déc. 2023 18:40
Dernière modification: 09 déc. 2023 18:40
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13395

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