Dépôt numérique

Toxoflavin secreted by Pseudomonas alcaliphila inhibits the growth of Legionella pneumophila and Vermamoeba vermiformis

Faucher, Sebastien P; Matthews, Sara; Nickzad, Arvin; Vounba, Passoret; Shetty, Deeksha; Bédard, Émilie; Prévost, Michele; Déziel, Éric ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4609-0115 et Paranjape, Kiran (2022). Toxoflavin secreted by Pseudomonas alcaliphila inhibits the growth of Legionella pneumophila and Vermamoeba vermiformis Water Research , vol. 216 , nº 118328. pp. 1-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2022.118328.

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Legionella pneumophila is a natural inhabitant of water systems. From there, it can be transmitted to humans by aerosolization resulting in severe pneumonia. Most large outbreaks are caused by cooling towers colonized with L. pneumophila. The resident microbiota of the cooling tower is a key determinant for the colonization and growth of L. pneumophila. In our preceding study, the genus Pseudomonas correlated negatively with the presence of L. pneumophila in cooling towers, but it was not clear which species was responsible. Therefore, we identified the Pseudomonas species inhabiting 14 cooling towers using a Pseudomonas-specific 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing strategy. We found that cooling towers that are free of L. pneumophila contained a high relative abundance of members from the Pseudomonas alcaliphila/oleovorans phylogenetic cluster. P. alcaliphila JCM 10630 inhibited the growth of L. pneumophila on agar plates. Analysis of the P. alcaliphila genome revealed the presence of a gene cluster predicted to produce toxoflavin. L. pneumophila growth was inhibited by pure toxoflavin and by extracts from P. alcaliphila culture found to contain toxoflavin by liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. In addition, toxoflavin inhibits the growth of Vermameoba vermiformis, a host cell of L. pneumophila. Our study indicates that P. alcaliphila may be important to restrict growth of L. pneumophila in water systems through the production of toxoflavin. A sufficiently high concentration of toxoflavin is likely not achieved in the bulk water but might have a local inhibitory effect such as near or in biofilms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Antimicrobials; Biofilm; Cooling towers; Microbiota; Water.
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 09 déc. 2023 16:36
Dernière modification: 09 déc. 2023 16:36
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13378

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