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Appendectomy and risk for inflammatory bowel disease: effect of age and time post appendectomy - a cohort study


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Fantodji, Canisius; Jantchou, Prévost; Parent, Marie-Élise ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4196-3773 et Rousseau, Marie-Claude ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5215-8086 (2022). Appendectomy and risk for inflammatory bowel disease: effect of age and time post appendectomy - a cohort study BMJ Open Gastroenterol , vol. 9 , nº e000925. pp. 1-8. DOI: 10.1136/bmjgast-2022-000925.

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Appendectomy may modulate the risk of inflammatory bowel disease through an effect on the gut microbiota. This study investigated the associations between appendectomy and incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC), with an emphasis on the influence of age and time post appendectomy. METHODS: This cohort study included 400 520 subjects born in Québec in 1970-1974 and followed until 2014. Administrative health data were used to ascertain appendectomy and cases of CD and UC. Cox proportional hazards models with time-dependent variables (appendectomy and time elapsed post appendectomy) allowed for the estimation of HRs and 95% CIs. RESULTS: A total of 2545 (0.6%) CD cases and 1134 (0.3%) UC cases were identified during follow-up. Appendectomy increased the risk of CD (HR=2.02; 95% CI: 1.66 to 2.44), especially when performed at 18-29 years of age. The risk of CD was increased in the first 2 years, and decreased significantly after ≥15 years post appendectomy. Appendectomy appeared to protect against UC (HR=0.39; 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.71). The risk of UC was not associated with age at appendectomy, but decreased with time elapsed post appendectomy (HR=0.21; 95% CI: 0.06 to 0.72, comparing ≥5 with 0-4 years after appendectomy). CONCLUSIONS: The increased risk of CD related to appendectomy in young adults may result from detection bias, but physicians should have a low threshold for suspicion of CD in young symptomatic adults with a history of appendectomy. A strong protective effect of appendectomy against UC was observed after 5 years.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Crohn's Disease; Epidemiology; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Ulcerative Colitis
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 09 déc. 2023 16:34
Dernière modification: 09 déc. 2023 16:34
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13376

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