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Nramp: Deprive and conquer?


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Cellier, Mathieu F. M. (2022). Nramp: Deprive and conquer? Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology , vol. 10 , nº 988866. pp. 1-20. DOI: 10.3389/fcell.2022.988866.

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Solute carriers 11 (Slc11) evolved from bacterial permease (MntH) to eukaryotic antibacterial defense (Nramp) while continuously mediating proton (H+)-dependent manganese (Mn2+) import. Also, Nramp horizontal gene transfer (HGT) toward bacteria led to mntH polyphyly. Prior demonstration that evolutionary rate-shifts distinguishing Slc11 from outgroup carriers dictate catalytic specificity suggested that resolving Slc11 family tree may provide a function-aware phylogenetic framework. Hence, MntH C (MC) subgroups resulted from HGTs of prototype Nramp (pNs) parologs while archetype Nramp (aNs) correlated with phagocytosis. PHI-Blast based taxonomic profiling confirmed MntH B phylogroup is confined to anaerobic bacteria vs. MntH A (MA)’s broad distribution; suggested niche-related spread of MC subgroups; established that MA-variant MH, which carries ‘eukaryotic signature’ marks, predominates in archaea. Slc11 phylogeny shows MH is sister to Nramp. Site-specific analysis of Slc11 charge network known to interact with the protonmotive force demonstrates sequential rate-shifts that recapitulate Slc11 evolution. 3D mapping of similarly coevolved sites across Slc11 hydrophobic core revealed successive targeting of discrete areas. The data imply that pN HGT could advantage recipient bacteria for H+-dependent Mn2+ acquisition and Alphafold 3D models suggest conformational divergence among MC subgroups. It is proposed that Slc11 originated as a bacterial stress resistance function allowing Mn2+-dependent persistence in conditions adverse for growth, and that archaeal MH could contribute to eukaryogenesis as a Mn2+ sequestering defense perhaps favoring intracellular growth-competent bacteria. Copyright © 2022 Cellier.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: MntH (proton-dependent Mn transporter); Nramp (natural resistance-associated macrophage protein); divalent metal-ions; evolutionary rate-shift; horizontal gene transfer; molecular phylogeny; nutritional immunity; protonmotive force.
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 29 déc. 2023 03:38
Dernière modification: 29 déc. 2023 03:38
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13356

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