Dépôt numérique

Social inequalities in child pedestrian collisions: the role of the built environment

Schwartz, Naomi; Howard, Andrew; Cloutier, Marie-Soleil ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8533-4784; Mitra, Raktim; Saunders, Natasha; Macpherson, Alison K.; Fuselli, Pamela et Rothman, Linda (2022). Social inequalities in child pedestrian collisions: the role of the built environment Transportation Research Part D , vol. 111 . DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2022.103448.

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Background : Important inequities in child pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions (PMVC) have been observed. The mechanism through which social dimensions influence child PMVC is not well understood, nor is the role of the roadway-built environment. Methods : The relationship between area-level social dimensions (material deprivation, proportion recent immigrants, proportion visible minority) and police-reported child PMVC between 2010 and 2018 in Toronto, Canada was examined using multivariable negative binomial regression models, controlling for built environment covariates. Results : All social dimensions were significantly associated with child PMVC, including material deprivation (Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR–adjusted): 1.31, 95 % Confidence Interval (CI): 1.22–1.40), recent immigrant proportion (IRR adjusted: 1.58, 95 %CI: 1.30–1.92, per 10 % increase), and visible minority proportion (IRR adjusted: 1.09, 95 %CI: 1.05–1.12, per 10 % increase). Built environment features did not attenuate these associations. Conclusion : This study provides evidence of social inequalities in child PMVC, suggesting a need to target traffic safety interventions towards the most socially marginalized areas.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Piéton; collision; Inégalités sociales; enfant; cadre bâti
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 11 nov. 2022 17:08
Dernière modification: 14 nov. 2022 14:48
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13104

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