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Reuse of Acid Bioleachate in Bacterial Oxidation of a Refractory Gold Sulfide Concentrate.


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Andrianandraina, Sitraka Herizo, Darvishi-Alamdari, Houshang et Blais, Jean-François ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3087-4318 (2022). Reuse of Acid Bioleachate in Bacterial Oxidation of a Refractory Gold Sulfide Concentrate. Minerals , vol. 12 , nº 9. p. 1087. DOI: 10.3390/min12091087.

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Bacterial pre-oxidation of refractory gold concentrates generates large volumes of leachate and requires a significant supply of nutrients to support bacterial growth. Therefore, bioleachate reuse reduces both water consumption and the nutrients required for the process. However, the efficiency of this method and its benefit need to be further explored. In the present study, two tests on the reuse of bioleachate in new cycles of bacterial oxidation were carried out to evaluate the efficiency and the benefit of bioleachate reuse. Our results showed that the reuse of bioleachates could reduce nitrogen and phosphorus requirements by 40% and 36%, respectively, after a 14-day biooxidation stage in a stirred tank bioreactor. We also showed that the reuse of bioleachate had a positive effect on the recovery of gold in a subsequent 48 h treatment by cyanidation. The gold recovery rate (initial concentration of 44 mg/kg) remained unchanged at 90% after the two bioleachate recirculation loops. The reuse of bioleachate also made it possible to increase the solubilization rates of other metals from the sulfide concentrate. Thus, the solubilization yields of copper (initial concentration of 3587 mg/kg) and zinc (initial concentration of 27,315 mg/kg) increased, respectively, from 14.8% and 40.2% to 37.5% and 99.6% after the two bioleachate recirculation loops.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: bioleachate; refractory gold concentrate; bacterial oxidation; biooxidation; leaching; reuse
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 14 oct. 2022 20:14
Dernière modification: 14 oct. 2022 20:14
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13090

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