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New insights in copper handling strategies in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under low-iron condition.


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Kochoni, Émeric; Aharchaou, Imad; Ohlund, Leanne; Rosabal, Maikel; Sleno, Lekha et Fortin, Claude ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2479-1869 (2022). New insights in copper handling strategies in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under low-iron condition. Metallomics , vol. 14 , nº 6. mfac033. DOI: 10.1093/mtomcs/mfac033.

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Copper (Cu) is a redox-active transition element critical to various metabolic processes. These functions are accomplished in tandem with Cu-binding ligands, mainly proteins. The main goal of this work was to understand the mechanisms that govern the intracellular fate of Cu in the freshwater green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, and more specifically to understand the mechanisms underlying Cu detoxification by algal cells in low-Fe conditions. We show that Cu accumulation was up to 51-fold greater for algae exposed to Cu in low-Fe medium as compared to the replete-Fe growth medium. Using the stable isotope ⁶⁵Cu as a tracer, we studied the subcellular distribution of Cu within the various cell compartments of C. reinhardtii. These data were coupled with metallomic and proteomic approaches to identify potential Cu-binding ligands in the heat-stable proteins and peptides fraction of the cytosol. Cu was mostly found in the organelles (78%), and in the heat-stable proteins and peptides (21%) fractions. The organelle fraction appeared to also be the main target compartment of Cu accumulation in Fe-depleted cells. As Fe levels in the medium were shown to influence Cu homeostasis, we found that C. reinhardtii can cope with this additional stress by utilizing different Cu-binding ligands. Indeed, in addition to expected Cu-binding ligands such as glutathione and phytochelatins, 25 proteins were detected that may also play a role in the Cu-detoxification processes in C. reinhardtii. Our results shed new light on the coping mechanisms of C. reinhardtii when exposed to environmental conditions that induce high rates of Cu accumulation.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: detoxification mechanisms; phytochelatins; subcellular distribution; copper-binding proteins; metallomics; proteomics
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 14 oct. 2022 20:19
Dernière modification: 07 mai 2023 04:00
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/13071

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