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Comparative toxicity of conventional and unconventional oils during rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) embryonic development: From molecular to health consequences.

Bérubé, Roxanne, Lefebvre-Raine, Molly, Gauthier, Charles, Bourdin, Thibault, Bellot, Pauline, Triffault-Bouchet, Gaëlle, Langlois, Valérie S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4031-6838 et Couture, Patrice ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1944-5136 (2022). Comparative toxicity of conventional and unconventional oils during rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) embryonic development: From molecular to health consequences. Chemosphere , vol. 288 . p. 132521. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.132521.

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Résumé

Canadian freshwater ecosystems are vulnerable to oil spills from pipelines, which contain mostly diluted bitumen. This study aimed to compare the toxicity of a dilbit and a conventional oil on developing rainbow trout. A total of five exposure scenarios were performed, from 10 to 43 days, using water-accommodated fraction (WAF) with an initial loading of 1:9 oil to water ratio (w/v) in a range of dilutions from 0.32 to 32% WAF, respectively, with TPAH and VOC concentrations from 2.41 to 17.5 μg/L and 7.94–660.99 μg/L, and with or without a recovery period. Following the five exposures, several endpoints were examined, including survivorship, morphometrics, gene expression, and enzymatic activity. Significant mortality rates were measured for the highest WAF concentration of the dilbit in all five exposures (60–100% mortality at 32% WAF). In comparison, the highest WAF concentration of the conventional oil induced significant mortality in three out of the five exposure (from 35 to 100% mortality at 32% WAF). Hatching delays were noted in embryos exposed to both oils. Developmental delays were observed in dilbit-exposed embryos and are suspected to be an indicator of reduced survivorship after hatching. The induced expression of cyp1a remained a reliable biomarker of exposure and of fish malformations, though it did not always predict mortality. Using CYP1A activity in combination with cyp1a may bring more insights in studies of oil risk assessment. This study demonstrates that dilbits are more toxic to early life stages compared to conventional oils and highlights the need to consider the most sensitive stage of development when performing risk assessment studies on oils.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: diluted bitumen; toxicity; petroleum product; freshwater fish; developmental delay
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 14:30
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 14:30
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12716

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