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Biodegradation of microplastics: Better late than never.

Miri, Saba, Saini, Rahul, Davoodi, Seyyed Mohammadreza, Pulicharla, Rama, Brar, Satinder Kaur et Magdouli, Sara (2022). Biodegradation of microplastics: Better late than never. Chemosphere , vol. 286 . p. 131670. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131670.

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Résumé

Plastics use is growing due to its applications in the economy, human health and aesthetics. The major plastic particles in the form of microplastics (MPs) released into the environment are made up of polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polyvinylchloride (PVC), and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Tremendous usage and continuous accumulation of MPs in the environment pose a global threat to ecosystems and human health. The current knowledge of biotechnological, aerobic and aerobic biodegradation approaches emphasizes the microbial culture's potential towards MPs removal. This review selectively provides recent biotechnological advances such as biostimulation, bioaugmentation and enzymatic biodegradation that can be applied for MPs removal by biodegradation and bioaccumulation. This review summarizes the knowledge and the research exploration on the biodegradation of synthetic organic MPs with different biodegradability. However, further research is still needed to understand the underlying mechanism of MPs biodegradation in soil and water systems, leading to the development of an effective method for MPs removal.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biodegradation; environment; microorganisms; microplastics
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 14:28
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 14:28
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12713

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