Dépôt numérique

Degenerative Osteoarthropathy in Laboratory Housed Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis.

Zhang, Mingyun, Wilson, Sabrina S., Casey, Kerriann M., Thomson, Paisley, Zlatow, Anne L., Langlois, Valérie S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4031-6838 et Green, Sherril L. (2021). Degenerative Osteoarthropathy in Laboratory Housed Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis. Comparative Medicine , vol. 71 , nº 6. p. 512-520. DOI: 10.30802/AALAS-CM-21-000061.

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In this case study, 15 adult laboratory Xenopus (Silurana) tropicalis (7 adult males and 8 adult females) were examined for nodular enlargements of the clawed digits (digits 0, I, II, and III) on the hind feet. Radiographs showed smoothly margined, rounded, peripherally mineralized lesions arising from the distal phalanges of digits 0-III with osteoproductive and osteolytic components in all frogs. Micro computed tomography (microCT) scans further revealed interphalangeal (IP), metacarpophalangeal (MCP), and metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint osteoarthritis characterized by periarticular new bone formation, rounded mineral foci both peripherally and centrally within the joints, and more rarely, linear mineralization palmar/plantar to the joints in the flexor tendons. In the nonclawed digits, the shape of the distal phalanx was variably distorted and both subluxation and malangulation of IP joints were identified. Histologically, nodules corresponded to a peripheral rim of mature cortical bone surrounding central adipose tissue, scattered hematopoietic elements, and residual bone of the distal phalanx. Occasionally, the peripheral rim of cortical bone extended proximally to encompass the distal aspect of adjacent phalanx. MCP, MTP and IP joint spaces of most digits exhibited widespread osteoarthritis characterized by periarticular cartilaginous or osseous metaplasia, bony remodeling, and less frequently, granulomatous osteomyelitis. Nutritional analyses of the feed did not indicate imbalances nor were the lesions consistent with metabolic bone disease. The exact etiopathogenesis of these lesions is unknown; however, we hypothesize that the osteoarthritic changes are due to a combination of the frogs' mature age, the unique structure of the Xenopus spp. claw, genetics and biomechanical forces on the digits and distal phalanges of the hind feet.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: animal; bone; female; laboratory; male; micro-computed tomography; radiography; Xenopus laevis
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 14:54
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 14:54
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12673

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